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The nature/nurture debate within psychology

The nature/nurture debate within psychology is concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behavior are a product of either inherited (genetic) or acquired (learned) characteristics. This exercise will help you explore that debate by looking at one specific behavior, aggression.

Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory states that aggression is learned from the environment through observation and imitation (nurture). He concludes this, in part, from the results of his famous Bobo doll experiment (Bandura, 1961). Review the Bobo experiment here: Bobo (Links to an external site.) Experiment (Links to an external site.).

Reflect on the following issues:

Where do you stand on the nature/nurture debate? Is aggression a learned behavior? Please provide specific examples to your point of view.
Discuss your thoughts on the experiment and its relevance to the debate. Do you see any potential flaws or underlying factors that may not be reflected in the analysis here?
Suggest at least one implication for society if children do learn predominantly by imitation.
Write a 2–3 pg (not including the title page and reference page) referencing at least two sources (you may cite the website provided here for the Bobo doll experiment as one of your sources. Refer to the Bobo doll experiment, but do not summarize it.)

Sample Solution

n response to the critique, paternalism would give the parent or guardian the power to decide on whether to allow their under 16 child take caffeinated energy drink or not (Holland, 2014). However, it is understandable that this does interfere with the child’s ability to make their own autonomous decision on whether they want to take these beverages or not because their legal guardian has the final decision to make for them. For example, due to the negative health impacts of CEDs, it is in the parent’s best interest to ensure that the under 16-year-old child does not take these beverages. Parents have the right to make decisions regarding the health of the under 16 children, but in the case where the child wants to take these beverages. This is when paternalism comes in because the parent has the right to protect their child’s health and make decisions in that regard, especially due to the fact that the child is young and is not mature enough to make important decisions especially regarding their health. Therefore, the parent would use paternalistic approach to coerce the under 16 children into not taking caffeinated energy drinks. Using the Deontologist theory which is a non- consequentialist ethical theory that believes that an action is considered morally good based on the action itself and its characteristics and not necessarily because the action is good (Holland, 2015). This principle insists on the idea that some actions must be acted on or avoided, and a person must fulfil their moral obligation despite the outcome of that action (Holland, 2015). Regarding the morality behind sale of Caffeinated Energy Drinks to persons under the age of 16, as long as efforts are being made and the goal is to minimize sale of CEDs and reduce rate of obesity and other health conditions associated with consumption of these beverages. The moral duty is being fulfilled by curbing the potential consequences of persons under 16 consumption of the beverages maybe. Therefore, this action does not cause any form of harm to the persons involved and at the same time they are not treated as a means to an end. For instance, in the case of a mother and her child that is under 16 years of age, it would in the mother’s best interest and also it is her duty to protect her child from actions that could cause harm. In this situation, these age group may not have fully developed the cognitive ability to make healthy and unhealthy choices regarding the consumption of these beverages. Therefore, in this situation, it is the duty of the parent to provide her child with the required knowledge to make healthy and informed choices regarding consumption of caffeinated energy drinks, which in turn would ulti
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