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- Create an argument through the use of historical evidence.
- Analyze and interpret primary and secondary sources.
- Analyze the effects of historical, social, political, economic, cultural, and global forces on this period of United States history.
asant dream" and that they should "give [him] your hands, if we be friends" (V, i, 435; 439). Puck, who has made the largest impression throughout the play, has now given the audience reason to applaud. Titania the Fairy Queen captures the audience's attention because she stands up to her husband and refuses to hand over her Indian boy. The audience supports Titania because she remains fiercely loyal to her deceased follower, the boy's mother. She tells Oberon that "the fairy land buys not the child of me" because "for her sake do I rear up the boy / And for her sake I will not part with him" (II, i, 122; 136-137). Titania will refuse all of Oberon's offerings, even his kingdom, because she so admired the woman who "gossiped by my side / And sat with me on Neptune's yellow sands" (II, i, 125-126). The strength of Titania's speeches to Oberon in Act II establish her as a strong woman- the audience is impressed that she will not yield to Oberon even though he says, "Tarry, rash wanton! am not I thy lord ?" (II, i, 63). Titania knows that she has the advantage in this fight and is not afraid to tell Oberon the devastating effects of a continued battle. Indeed, "The ox hath therefore stretch'd his yoke in vain," because "the seasons alter" (II, i, 93; 107). The effects of their feud, which Titania calls "progeny of evils" (II, i, 115) stem from Oberon's refusal to let her honor her friend correctly. Titania's fiery speeches contrast with the subservience of Hippolyta, the other queen in the play. Hippolyta remains silent throughout most of Act I and seems to accept whatever Theseus has to say, even when he mentions breaking Athenian law will lead to death (I, i, 22). It would be difficult to imagine Titania keeping her mouth shut if Oberon were to command her like that. As the audience soon sees, the only way Oberon can conquer Titania's spirit is with a spell. Oberon the Fairy King lacks the powerful speeches of his wife, but his actions elicit strong emotions from the audience. Instead of compromising with Titania, Oberon takes the dramatic step of manipulating her emotions. While the result is comedic - the audience can't help but laugh at Titania and Bottom's mismatched love - Oberon's words to Titania are not. He wants her to fall in love with something hideous: Be it ounce, or cat, or bear Pard, or boar with bristled hair, In thy eye that shall appear When thou wak'st, it is thy dear. Wake when some vile thing is near. (II, ii, 30-34). Such words do little to endear Oberon to the audience, but they do make him stand out among the cast. After hearing such passionate words from Titania, the audience would likely enjoy hissing at Oberon as he squeezes the flower's juice onto her eyelids. This devilish trick is the only way Oberon can claim victory. The audience notices that the spell lowers Titania's defenses - she does not give a spirited defense but "in mild terms begg'd my patience," Oberon tells Puck. Oberon's spell works wonders as Titania and surrenders the child whom she fought so hard for in Act II in just three lines (IV, i, 62-64). But Oberon's actions also cause the audience some confusion. At the same time he wants to teach Titania a lesson, Oberon is intent on playing matchmaker for humanity. He tells Puck that he wants to make Titania "full of hateful fantasie
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