Paradigm Shift

Please read a little bit of “In Praise of Slowness” by Carl Honore or watch the videos on Ted Talks or Youtube. The 5 paragraph essay will be based on this book. However, please evaluate how the concept of paradigm shifts connects to the “In praise of Slowness” reading.

1. Analyze the concept of paradigm shifts as it is applied to historical and current ideas about work.
2. Evaluate how the concept of paradigm shifts connects to your book-of-choice reading “In Praise of Slowness”.
Tip: When you refer to the concept “paradigm shifts” or “paradigms,” please cite your sources accurately.Refer to APA for how to cite this source.
Please Title the essay, “Time to Slow Down”
Below is the references to use:

Paradigm Shifts

A paradigm is a basic worldview (Kuhn, 1962). It is the way one sees and understands the world, and one’s own place within it. Another way of putting it is to say that a person’s paradigm is that person’s basic belief system. It encompasses that individual’s understanding of how everything works – it is the frame of reference the individual uses to make sense of everything that happens in his/ her life. Whenever one encounters some new event, one makes sense of it through one’s own paradigm. If one is faith-filled, one tends to see things through a lens that includes the presence and action of God. If one believes that all of life is ‘nasty, brutish and short’ (in the words of Thomas Hobbes), then one will tend to see all encounters as being negative and confrontational. It is difficult to get beyond one’s paradigm and see things in a new way. When one experiences a radical change in one’s worldview and understanding of existence, we can describe this change as a paradigm shift.
The concept of a paradigm shift comes from Thomas Kuhn’s 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn’s (1962) basic idea is that advances in science (and elsewhere) come about not through gradual change, but rather “by intellectually violent revolutions,” where “one conceptual world view is replaced by another” (p. 10). Major paradigm shifts in human history include the movement from being a civilization of hunter gatherers to one based in agriculture, the shift from thinking of the earth as the center of the universe to recognizing that the planets revolve around the sun, or the movement from Newtonian physics to quantum mechanics. Each of these changes ushered in radically new and different ways of thinking about the world, along with practical differences in how people lived. Essentially, a paradigm shift is a movement from one way of thinking about the world to a new way of seeing it.
But paradigm shifts are not limited just to major shifts in scientific understanding or cultural practices. Individuals also have paradigm shifts – moments where a person changes the way she thinks about her place in the world, and what matters most in her life. Coming back to school could be a paradigm shift in one’s life (or, perhaps more likely, one experiences a paradigm shift – loss of a job, or some other major life event – that leads one to come back to finish the degree). Watch this brief video below. It begins with a short passage on paradigm shifts from Stephen Covey’s (1990) The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, and then concludes with a short film about how seeing things differently can lead us to understand others’ actions in a new way (the production values are low, but the central idea is a good one).
Covey, S. (1990). The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. New York: Simon Schuster.
Kuhn, T. S., (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

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