Write a 4-5 page paper (excluding cover page and references) on the following topic:
Case Study reaction paper. Write a reaction paper based on the following case study:
Erin and Dan have just found out that they are going to have a baby. In preparation, they decide to buy new life insurance policies with high levels of coverage. Their insurance company requires that they have certain genetic tests performed before they can be approved for their policies. As a result of this testing, Dan discovers that he carries the genetic mutation responsible for Huntington’s Disease (HD). HD is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder which usually results in death within 20 years of the onset of visible symptoms.
Given this result, the couple consulted their obstetrician who advised them about the availability of genetic counseling and possible prenatal testing for their unbom child. Dan also consulted his own physician and informed him of the results.
When it was suggested that Dan’s two sisters and three brothers may also want to have information about their chance of having the mutated gene for HD, Dan indicated that he would not be communicating with them and that he did not want other family members to know the results of his tests. Three years later, Dan’s older sister suddenly died of HD.
Shortly after Dan received his genetic test result his older brother, Larry, also applied for life insurance. In this case, genetic testing did not take place but Larry and Dan are both patients of the local GP. The GP was asked to provide relevant medical information for the insurance policy. When asked about preexisting conditions and family history, Larry answered honestly that there were no conditions to report. He was not aware of Dan’s test results or diagnosis.
Your paper should cover the following aspects: What ethical dilemmas are present in this case? What is the importance of confidentiality in this case? Does the genetic counselor or physician have any obligation to inform Dan’s relatives? What if some relatives are also patients of the physician? Does the physician have a responsibility to inform Larry’s insurance about Dan’s results? If, at the time of the baby’s birth, Dan and Erin are also applying for medical insurance for the baby and genetic information released to the medical insurance company, should the insurance company be able to use this information to determine Dan and the baby’s genetically insurance? Is this different than for life insurance?
“That which is acknowledged as information today is here and there disposed of tomorrow.” Consider learning issues brought by this announcement up in two regions of learning. Satyajith Botcha Plato’ once stated, “Information is a defended, genuine conviction.” It’s deliberate association of realities as well as what an individual esteems genuine and puts confidence in. When we talk about information being “disposed of,” does it imply that it’s invalidated and not further utilized? Or on the other hand, does it imply that it’s briefly overlooked due to contrasting suppositions? As I would like to think, information can be exposed as in, disposed of or incidentally put on hold, much like speculations. As the announcement is additionally investigated, another inquiries emerges with respect to who “acknowledges” learning or who “disposes of,” it? I trust, learning ought to dependably be sponsored by real proof. In my examination, I need to investigate the different viewpoints – the different potential outcomes, thoughts, and the all encompassing perspective on which our reality should be investigated, so as to comprehend what information genuinely is and its centrality on our lives. One starts to scrutinize the value of information on the off chance that it would in the long run end up out of date at any rate? On the off chance that information can change so effortlessly, do we have the privilege to scrutinize the legitimacy of the present hypotheses in the event that they would just have a transitory presence? I trust that in the long run it is up to the person to acknowledge information as it is today. Be that as it may, on the off chance that one needs to address it, they have the privilege to do as such in light of the fact that, if nobody addressed data more up to date data could never appear and the world could never advance. This does not imply that in our advancement toward the future we can overlook the past. In the cutting edge world, two generally known regions of information which have various functional applications, the characteristic sciences and history have experienced extraordinary changes upsetting each field. To facilitate my examination I will utilize three distinctive methods for knowing – reason, sense recognition and feeling. History as we probably am aware is a record of our whole past encounters, data and thoughts. It demonstrates to us the manner in which the world was, or what we thought was in the past ages. We can plainly observe through a display of discernment, the extreme change in learning, obvious in current human’s distinctive state of mind than from that of their progenitors. Then again, the characteristic sciences, we see far reaching developments everywhere throughout the globe happening even at this very moment. We are given new things to see, to investigate and to address because of the quick advancement in innovation and logical research. Be that as it may, how genuine is this? Is it conceivable that a portion of the material we realize today is maybe less sensible than that of the ‘obsolete’ disclosures, or data that our precursors saw as the correct ones? Provided that this is true, how would we bet on what is correct and what’s going on, or how would we foresee what could change and what proved unable? A hypothesis that has for some time been disposed of is that of unconstrained generation. This expressed people started from lifeless dormant substances, for example, rocks. Our progenitors built up this through review the development of worms from spoiling meat. Despite the fact that this idea appears to be ludicrous now, we should comprehend that this hypothesis was accepted by the greater part of the nineteenth century researchers. Actually, it was considered as a logical truth. In any case, the hypothesis of falsification that fundamentally reveals to us that there is a natural plausibility that a speculation or hypothesis can be false is a case of the unsteadiness of learning. This is the place the individuals who have faith in wide-run discernment come in. This is the place discernment kicks in as a key component to survival and to understanding learning. “Unconstrained age” was countered by Luis Pasteur in 1859, putting it to test. He had put two bits of meat in discrete containers, one opened and the other shut. He watched slimy parasites just developing in the one that was opened. Accordingly, he reasoned that the causes of the slimy parasites must be from outside, living life forms noticeable all around. In truth it was flies that had laid their eggs in the meat to support their young. In a moment our perspective of the world and the point of view of the beginnings of life were exposed. By the by individuals started to accept similarly as totally in a radical new hypothesis proposed by Pasteur. On this premise, along these same lines, if a noteworthy part of a whole age would trust in a similar actuality for a considerable length of time without uncertainty, at that point where does the destiny of mankind lie?. I trust that I can locate the correct data utilizing both instinct and thinking. For instance, when you take a gander at all the history specialists that endeavored to characterize learning through their works or examinations, you see defects in the information that we had indiscriminately accepted for ages. The web period’s memorable occasion, The World Trade Center 9/11 assault, was guaranteed by connivance scholars to have crumpled in 9 seconds inducing plausible connects to the inside being fixed with explosives before the attack. This hypothesis was upheld by Rosie O’Donnell who expressed that examination was must. On the off chance that this wasn’t at any point addressed, a whole memorable occasion would essentially be adulterated in records because of a one individual’s wrong research. Numerous individuals would’ve trusted her record notwithstanding never at any point seeing the genuine film of the building crumbling, which took just about 20 or more seconds. This resists the whole rationale of the building falling at “free-fall” speed, breaking the altogether false connivance. Not exclusively can such hypothesis influence the enthusiastic steadiness of scientists, loyalists and regular people, yet can make a sore fix in the brains of the unfortunate casualties’ families that really experienced injury through such occasions. By the by, we currently comprehend that the unconventional falling of the building was because of the way that it had been worked with triangles around the areas of the building due to its hugeness. A dominant part of individuals, be that as it may, did not know reality and put together their perspectives with respect to less information related with something never totally comprehended. Just when individuals began investigating the issue themselves was it right away exposed. On the off chance that this equivalent procedure was rehashed from the beginning of time, we could discover numerous escape clauses. At last, it lies in the individual, regardless of whether one would acknowledge or deny the information conceded. Recognition is the thing that drives this; individuals pick what they put stock in. Our thinking can’t generally be correct yet we are objective creatures, equipped for settling on educated choices with some earlier information. Some fundamental human based certainties dependably will hold on and the way to understanding these actualities is past essentially tolerating them. To really comprehend an idea one must make inquiries about that explicit subject and their insight can either be additionally reinforced or their whole observation could change. Individuals superfluously take data etched by another person’s exploration without doing any of their own dependent on the possibility that the analyst who set aside the opportunity to do the examination must be right. It must be viewed as false until the moment that the person who gets the data really investigates the issue and approves the information. In this present reality where data changes each day, some persevere, and some basically vanish making unnecessary new thoughts. One such thought that had been so imbued in the psyche of humankind was the idea of a static universe. This picture of the universe had endured even until the twentieth century. Truth be told, one of the best savvy personalities Albert Einstein even had faith in this idea. When he had made his hypothesis of the universe, the general hypothesis of relativity, in 1915 he included a totally unessential and apparently irregular idea just to suit it. He presented the possibility of a cosmological steady, an all infesting power that would keep the universe contracting from gravity and stay static. Prior to this, however Edwin Hubble had watched a red move in the cosmic systems close-by and a considerably bigger move in those further. A red move happens when light that is discharged by a source, a universe for instance, that is moving far from the onlooker ends up lengthened. This marvel was seen on all sides of us and it increments with separation, implying that the universe was growing every which way. Einstein did not acknowledge this information and had superfluously confounded his hypothesis by including a consistent that unmistakably had neither rhyme nor reason. The data that was demonstrated genuine was not acknowledged, as a past information was stuck in his mind confining his capacity to plan a sensible hypothesis. Afterward, he comprehended the legitimacy of the data and consolidated the possibility of an extending universe into his hypothesis. A hypothesis recently thought false was demonstrated valid and unnecessarily disposed of. Be that as it may, the inclination to address, the desire to need to realize more will dependably be a vital piece of the human personality. This is the thing that will lead us to need to change the learning we know today and upgrade current information. It doesn’t stop there however; recognition is the way to turning into an educated mastermind. In the event that one contemplates all the moment and stupendous ideal models of the universe, the innovative degree for more information could be boundless.>