Major international issues—global warming

1) Two problems of the atmosphere have become major international issues—global warming and depletion of the ozone layer. Explain the causes of these issues and then compare and contrast the international management of them. What has led to success or failure in managing these issues? What might be done to overcome the failures? In your answer, consider the logic of the “tragedy of the commons.”

2)Few effective international agreements have been reached to solve the problem of global warming. Given the severe difficulties associated with managing this problem, what creative international solutions can you think of? What would be the strengths and weaknesses of your solutions in the short term and in the long term?

3)Explain the relationship between the environment and international security. What role does the environment play in this equation? What evidence do we have that there is any relationship at all? Is it significant enough to warrant the attention of IR scholars and practitioners? Why, or why not?

4)What does cultural imperialism mean? Is it real? Who should be concerned about its consequences? What, if anything, should be done about it? If nothing should be done about it, why not? Support your answer with empirical and logical evidence

5)According to the text, “new international political possibilities arise from technological developments”. What exactly does this mean? What are the implications of advancing technology—pros and cons? What are the costs and benefits for states and citizens of these developments?

Sample Solution

“Labor Market 2018 Projected 2018–28” data set

After loading “Labor Market 2018 & Projected 2018–28” data set (you can download it in this assignment folder), please answer below questions. (Data is provided by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Create a scatter plot that shows “Median Annual Wage 2018” in Y axis and “Annual Average Openings, Projected 2018-2028” in X axis, bubble sized by number of records and colored by occupational group.

Please create your title of this figure and copy and paste it on this below box

Q1) Please locate the jobs that are related to data systems in this data. What are the median annual wages in 2018 and annual average openings projected from 2018 to 2028?

Q2) After exploring the data, are you willing to have this job for your future career? If you changed your mind, why? Then, locate the jobs that interest you for your future placements and lable them in your figure. Please elaborate on your decision.

Sample Solution

USA Patriot Act

What is the USA Patriot Act?
What is the NDAA?
What other pieces of legislation play a key role in prosecuting the global war on terror?
What role does the FISA court and process play?
What role has the NSA played within this process?
What technologies have been employed to further this legislation?
What role does indefinite detention play?
What is unlawful enemy combatant?
What aspects of the legislation is viewed as Constitutional?
What aspects of the legislation are brought into question with regards to the U.S. Constitution?
How has the legislation impacted American civil liberties?
What are the supporting arguments for the legislation?
What are the opposing arguments against the legislation?
How should the legislation be changed or amended?
What are the central themes and arguments in current literature?
What is missing from current literature?
Scholarly articles are required. Although some information from government sources may be used sparingly, approximately 80% of the review should incorporate recent scholarly articles (published within the last 10 years).
Do not state your opinion in this section. All information provided must be properly cited and must be from quality academic sources. To achieve this, use direct quotations, paraphrases, and synthesized information from multiple sources. For example, this statement synthesizes the opinions of 4 scholars: “Researchers have argued that disaster planning is critical to minimizing the negative effects for emergency responders (Brown, 2010; Caldwell, 2009; Moore, 2011; Stanley, 2008).”
Summarize your findings. What are the key points in the literature with regards to the selected piece of legislation and how it impacts both the U.S. efforts in the global war on terror?
Since passage, how has the legislation impacted the average American citizen’s civil liberties?
What steps should be taken to further improve the legislation?
What steps might be taken to reduce any potential encroachment on American civil liberties?
What type of response is needed moving forward? What or who should be engaged (e.g., the political community, military, federal law enforcement, local law enforcement citizens, etc.)?

Sample Solution


Describe the new product or service.
Discuss the qualities that make this product/service new to the marketplace and the rationale for your decision to pursue the concept. Be sure to pick a product or service that is ready to market. If you are developing a new product, assume that the development phase is over and you are ready to launch the product into the marketplace.


Create a Mission Statement. State your short-term MARKETING objectives (one year). Assume that the product/service is ready to launch at the beginning of the year (planning and testing have been completed).

Marketing objectives include goals for sales, profits, market share (as examples)
Objectives need to be quantifiable. Use the SMART acronym—simple, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-specific—in formulating your objectives. An objective with a 100% goal is not acceptable

Identify your target market. Provide a specific demographic profile and rationale for this decision. Another source that may help you: The US Census Bureau’s American Fact Finder. Consider the size of the market and its purchasing power. Research is required to back-up your selection and to provide statistics to show that it is a viable market.

Sample Solution

Duchamp’s Legacy: The Rauschenberg-John Axis

espond to the following questions.

  1. As the title of the chapter implies, what is the legacy of Duchamp, and why was he an important artist? How did Duchamp’s work deviate from that of
    Abstract Expressionism and the notion of what the art critic Clement Greenberg espoused as purity and aesthetic distance in art? How has Duchamp’s
    legacy been taken up by contemporary artists?
  2. What does the author of the chapter mean by masculinity in Abstract Expressionism? Provide some artwork examples.
  3. What position did women have within the Abstract Expressionist movement?
  4. How did the work of Rauschenberg and Johns also depart from the “formalism” of Abstract Expressionism? What artistic contributions did they make?
    Describe artwork examples.
  5. What did you learn from reading this chapter? …

Sample Solution

Determining Costs, Budgets, and Earned Value

  1. Estimate Activity Costs
    The estimated cost of an activity is based on an estimate of the types and quantities of resources required to perform the activity.

The estimated cost of an activity can include the following elements:

a) Labor costs

b) Material costs

c) Equipment costs

d) Facilities costs

e) Subcontractors and consultant costs

f) Travel costs

g) Reserve

  1. Determine Project Budget
    a) Determine total budgeted cost (TBC) (sum of the estimated costs of all the specific activities that make up that work package).

b) Develop a timed-phase budget (distribution by time period of the total budgeted cost for a work package or project over its expected time span based on when specific activities are scheduled to be performed.

  1. Aggregate Total Budget Cost
    a) Allocating total project costs for the various elements to the appropriate work packages will establish a total budgeted cost (TBC) for each work package.

b) There are two approaches to establishing the TBC for each work package: top-down and bottom-up.

c) Often, the sum of the initial estimated costs is greater than the amount of funds budgeted by the sponsor. Several iterations may need to be made to reduce the costs.

d) When the budgets for all the work packages are summed, they cannot exceed the total project budgeted cost.

  1. Develop Cumulative Budgeted Cost
    Once a total budgeted cost has been established for each work package, the second step in the project budgeting process is to distribute each TBC over the duration of its work package.

A cost is determined for each period, based on when the activities that make up the work package are scheduled to be performed to create the time-phased budget.

The cumulative budgeted cost (CBC) is the amount budgeted to accomplish the work scheduled to be performed up to that point in time.

The CBC for the entire project or each work package provides a baseline against which actual cost and work performance can be compared at any time during the project.

The cumulative budget is the standard against which actual cost is compared.

  1. Determine Actual Cost
    Once the project starts, it’s necessary to keep track of actual cost and committed cost so they can be compared to the CBC.

A. Actual Cost
To keep track of actual cost on a project, it’s necessary to set up a system to collect, on a regular and timely basis, data on funds actually expended.

Large projects will have charge codes for the work package numbers to determine how the actual costs compare to the planned costs.

B. Committed Costs
In many projects, large dollar amounts are expended for materials or services (subcontractors, consultants) that are used over a period of time longer than one cost reporting period.

These committed costs need to be treated in a special way so the system periodically assigns a portion of their total cost to actual cost.

Committed costs are also known as commitments or encumbered costs.

Costs are committed when an item is ordered, even though actual payment may take place at some later time.

C. Compare Actual Cost To Budgeted Cost
As data are collected on actual cost, including portions of any committed cost, they need to be totaled by work package so they can be compared to the cumulative budgeted cost.

Cumulative actual cost (CAC) should be calculated.

Figure 7.7 indicates that at the end of week 8, $68,000 has actually been expended on this project, although only $64,000 was budgeted as shown in Figure 7.5.

  1. Determine Value of Work Performed
    Consider a project for painting ten similar rooms over ten days (one room per day) for a total budgeted cost of $2,000. The budget is $200 per room.

At of the end of day 5, you determine that $1,000 has actually been spent, but what if only three rooms have been painted?

Earned value, the value of the work actually performed, is a key parameter that must be determined throughout the project.

The contractor might try to negotiate payment terms that require the customer to do one or more of the following:

· Provide a down payment at the start of the project.

· Make equal monthly payments based on the expected duration of the project.

· Provide frequent payments, such as weekly or monthly payments rather than quarterly payments.

Sample Solution