Articles involving testing/experimentation on animals

A​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍​ critique of two articles involving testing/experimentation on animals. (2 separate critiques of two different articles, in one document, so basically one critique filling the first two pages of the document, and the second critique filling the last two pages of the document for a total of 4 pages) In addition to a original assessment and response to the articles, I want the essay to answer, at some point, the three questions listed below. Explain what is at stake in the piece. What, in other words, is opposed to what, and why, according to the writer (implicitly, explicitly, or both), and why does the writer think it matters? Determine what the reading seems to wish to accomplish, which is not always the same thing as that which it explicitly argues. (THE PITCH, THE COMPLAINT, and THE MOMENT). Try to figure out what the consequences of the piece might be. That is, if we think in the way that the reading suggests, what might follow? What might we gain? What might we lose? Organizing the Critique (in 3 – 4 paragraphs) Paragraph 1 (INTRO)— title and author of the article you are critiquing brief overview / summary of article PITCH, COMPLAINT, MOMENT Thesis—your assessment / evaluation of the article Paragraphs (2 and 3)—(BODY) QUESTIONS and POINTS TO CON​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍​SIDER FOR THE EVALUATION OF YOUR PIECE What are the aims of the work? Were the aims achieved? Evaluate the means by which the author has accomplished his or her purpose (aim): If the purpose is to inform, has the material been presented clearly, accurately, with order and coherence? If the purpose is to persuade, look for evidence, logical reasoning, contrary evidence How well does the evidence in the piece seem to support its claims? How well does the writer explain her reasons for saying the evidence means what she says it does? What types of evidence or persuasion are used? Has evidence been interpreted fairly? What about the subject matter is of current interest? What are the piece’s strengths and weaknesses? Final Paragraph (CONCLUSION)—your final thoughts on the matter, the article, the subject. This is a good place to discuss what the consequences of the piece might be. That is, if we think in the way that the reading suggests, what might follow? What might we gain? What might we lose? Essay Requirements: MLA format and Works Cited page (including in text citations). Create a citation for the article you are critiquing. Each critique should be about 2 pages long and roughly 750 words. Please submit BOTH critiques as ONE document—separate essays, but ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‌‌‍​one document.

Sample Solution

Steps of the writing process

Identify and illustrate steps of the writing process in composing written exercises.

Compose a single body descriptive paragraph in formal written English. Be sure to include the following:

Topic sentence that provides the main idea for the descriptive paragraph.
Body sentences that discuss the main idea for the descriptive paragraph using explanation, examples, details, and of course, descriptive elements.
Transition sentence: Your descriptive paragraph must include the use of at least one or more transitions that move the paragraph along.
Conclusion sentence: Your descriptive paragraph must end with a concluding sentence that wraps up and refers to the main idea of the topic sentence and signals to the reader that the paragraph is over.
Your descriptive paragraph needs to contain a minimum total of five complete sentences.

Reminder: Descriptive refers to a style of writing. Choose your sentences for your descriptive paragraph from the following sentences, and use them together to construct your descriptive paragraph. They will not all be appropriate for this paragraph, so choose only the sentences that result in a complete descriptive paragraph as listed above. Use a topic sentence that provides the main idea for a single well-organized paragraph using the steps of the writing process.

Choose the best sentences to construct your descriptive paragraph, and put them together to make ONE well-organized descriptive paragraph. Remember that not all sentences need to be used.

It’s a soft, blue-sky break before the gray skies of winter begin to reflect the steely cold waters the lake becomes with the first freeze.
Dogs are sometimes fierce protectors that can attack anyone they feel is threatening a family.
In the old days, dogs were not considered companions, but seen more as working animals.
That’s what we can all call a red-letter day!
My dog, Bosco, is a Harlequin Great Dane that outweighs our 10 year old brother, and to the other dogs in our neighborhood he must look like a tall spotted monster because they avoid him at all cost.
Do you think dogs are smarter than people?
Sometimes our dog seems to know when we are laughing at him because he tucks his head down and appears to shrink into a small ball resembling a lumpy soccer ball.
On a beautiful fall day, my family enjoys picnicking at a quiet beach we know that has a blue lagoon surrounded by rustic picnic tables and tall, green pines.
I really like dogs.
The whole family grabs sweaters and corduroys, Mom packs a cheese sandwich picnic basket with all the junk food we never get to taste otherwise, and we jump into Dad’s old blue jalopy and head out for one last day of fun before all the hub-bub of school gets into swing.
My brother is a great Jayvee football quarterback, my older red-headed sister is a cheerleader complete with red pom-poms, and I play cymbals and drums in the school pep band, so we are usually very tied up in school activities soon after school starts.
That dog can open the refrigerator and grab a can of soda!
I really enjoy the pep band; it’s fun to get all dressed up in my red band uniform and beat those shiny drums during a game.
Our big dog needs to stay at home with the cat because he attracts sand and fleas.
On one hand, it is hard to get everything ready for the day trip; on the other hand, nobody in our family wants to miss such a day of fun.
My brother thinks he is smarter and more well-dressed than the rest of us because he is the oldest.
For example, cats can be really pretty, but they don’t seem to love everyone in the family.
At the end of a great day of flying kites, chasing each other around the lagoon, and eating great junk food, we all go home extremely tired and extremely happy.
A day with my dog.
My family comes in all shapes, ages, sizes, and hair colors, but no matter what we look like, we ALL love to eat.
As night falls and my father drives the old beat-up car towards home, most of us finish up the cheese sandwiches and chips and doze off after a day of fun.

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Peer-reviewed journal related to quality monitoring

Select a peer-reviewed journal that has a research study related to quality monitoring (needle stick, falls, etc…) in health care delivery. In the discussion post provide:

A brief overview of the article
the process indicator or outcome indicator that is used to measure quality
whether the indicator effectively measures the problem – why or why not
report economic, legal, and regulatory processes that affect the quality initiative
a way to monitor and measure one aspect of your current practice (turning patients, time spent collaborating with other health care workers, medication delivery, etc…)

Sample Solution

Tera W. Hunter’s article, “Atlanta” tell

In your own words, answer the questions below based on the reading: “Atlanta” by Tera W.
Hunter.

Remember to use complete, grammatically correct sentences (no bullet points). 3-4 sentences for
each numbered item (9-12 sentences total).
Students may either type their responses directly in the text area, or upload a PDF file with their
responses. If you need help converting your file to a PDF, please use this link: PDF Converter
Link.
(Links to an external site.)
Questions:

  1. What does Tera W. Hunter’s article, “Atlanta” tell us about the everyday lives of
    Black Americans during the Reconstruction period? How does she connect the
    Reconstruction period to the present (21st century)?
  2. According to the text, what criticisms does Tera W. Hunter pose about the writings of
    19th-century naturalist and explorer Ernest Ingersoll?
  3. In this text, Tera W. Hunter critically analyzes Ingersoll’s writing. In examining
    Ingersoll’s biases, Hunter is able to see the gaps in his historical analysis. What does
    Hunter identify about Ingersoll as the author that makes his historical interpretation
    incomprehensive? How can we, as historians, mirror Hunter’s analysis when we are
    examining other historical primary and secondary sources throughout this course? Id feel
    free to contact me with any questions, areas of clarification, or concerns.

Sample Solution

Journal Article

Select a peer reviewed, empirical journal article related to the helping professions and social support, self-care, professional development, or program
development. In 3 to 5 pages, summarize the article using the 7 Components of a Journal Article framework (below, and see sample assignments on course
main page). Provide your reactions to this article and attach a copy of the article to your paper. More specifically, consider the following reflection questions:
what were my cognitive and affective responses to this article?
how does the tenor of the article influence my perceptions of the helping professions?
how does this article discuss the intersection of helping professions with either social support, self-care, professional development, or program
development?
Please include a References page.
Please see sample assignments on the course landing page
Please see the 7 components of a journal article (below and on course landing page.)
7 Components of a Journal Article: Journal Article Components and Summary Format.docx Download Journal Article Components and Summary
Format.docx
Synthesis of a Journal Article Paper Rubric: Synthesis of a Journal Article Paper Rubric.docx Download Synthesis of a Journal Article Paper Rubric.docx

Sample Solution

Article Review

Step 1: Read the article starting with the Title and Abstract, which will give you a quick preview of the purpose and results of the article.

Step 2: Read the Introduction. Highlight the purpose of the article and the author’s hypothesis (e.g., what was studied, what the authors predicted, and why they found the topic worthy of study). Pay attention to the context provided for the research. (For example: What research has been done previously in the field? What issue or problem is this study trying to address?)

Step 3: Read the Methods section. Note the description of the participants and any tests, surveys, questionnaires, apparatus, or other materials that were used. Pay particular attention to the details involved in the experimental procedure. How were the variables manipulated or measured? Recall that the independent variable (IV) is the variable that is manipulated by the research [e.g., whether the room is hot or cold – if that is the variable of interest) or whether participants are given a placebo, shown any type of media or other stimuli, given talk therapy, or instructed to take medication (if that is the variable of interest)]. Remember that the independent variable is what was different about the experiences of the different groups. Recall also that the dependent variable (DV) is that variable that is measured, or, the outcome of the study (i.e., test performance or lessening of depressive symptoms).

Step 4: Read the Results. Try not to get intimidated by complex statistical analysis. Instead of focusing on the numbers, focus on the short descriptions that accompany the findings explaining what the researchers found. (Did the researchers find evidence that supports their hypothesis?)

Step 5: Read the Discussion. Pay special attention here to what the authors say about the importance of their findings or the lack of findings. Think about other things you could do to look at this issue.

Step 6: Prepare a 3- to 5-page summary of the article fully paraphrased in your own words and your own writing style and structure. Changing a few words from the original is not fully paraphrasing.
***Be sure to address the following questions in your summary:

  • What is the purpose of the research? (Address specifics regarding the overall purpose of the research in question.)
  • What hypothesis is tested? (Provide a clear statement of the researchers’ prediction.)
  • How did the researchers investigate their research question? (Provide details regarding the study methodology.)
  • What are the pertinent results of the manipulation? (What were the findings and conclusions drawn?)
  • What is your personal opinion of the study conducted? Should it be repeated? What could be improved?
  • What is your overall impression of the work? What are the implications of the study for the practice of counseling psychology?

Your summary should be written as a coherent essay (do not format as a bullet list of answers to these questions). You may include additional insights in your analysis, but you must address these key issues.

Step 7: Prepare your Article Review according to the following guidelines:

Structure your paper utilizing APA style (7th Edition); this includes title page, headings, in-text citations, reference page, and general paper format (1-inch margins, double-spaced, appropriately sized sans serif or serif fonts – e.g., 12 Times Roman). An abstract is not required.
Apply sound writing mechanics: write with clarity, paying attention to spelling, grammar, and syntax.

Sample Solution

Article from US Department of Health and Human Services

Article from US Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

MMWR / October 23, 2020 / Vol. 69 / No. 42

pg. 1517-1521Summarize the article in one paragraph, then answer the following questions…

A. What type of study is used in the article (quantitative or qualitative)? Explain how you came to that conclusion.

B. What type of graph or table did you choose for your lab (bar graph, histogram, stem & leaf plot, etc.)? What characteristics make it this type (you should bring in material in this statistics course)?

C. (consider class size, class width, total frequency, list of frequencies, class consistency, X laboratory variables, response variables, shapes of distributions, etc..)

D. Draw a conclusion about the data from the graph or frequency distribution in context of the article

E. how else might this data have been displayed? Discuss pros and cons of to other presentation options, such as tables or different graphical displays. Why don’t you think those two graphs were not used in this article?

Sample Solution

Articles is behavior analytics

• Identify which of the articles is behavior analytic and which is not, and provide an explanation for your choice.
o Be sure to identify which of the seven dimensions of ABA are present in the behavior analytic article.
o Analyze why the other article is not behavior analytic. How do you know the seven dimensions are not present?

Sample Solution