Argument for the book of Romans

Here is your prompt (that is, what
you will see on the day of the exam): You have up to two hours to detail the argument of the book of
Romans. You are to divide your essay into five parts, corresponding to the five main sections of Romans.
highlight Paul’s main intentions and how his argument fits together. You should budget about
20 minutes of writing for each of the five sections (allowing 20 minutes of flexible time).


Sample Solution


The Gospel According to John

Which material is found in the Synoptic Gospels but not in John, and what are the Johannine equivalents of Synoptic teaching? Why do you think that John includes some materials in his Gospel that are not in the Synoptic Gospels? How do these differences impact our understanding of the historical value of these Gospels?





























Sample Solution

Flood story in the Bible with the Flood story in Gilgamesh.

1. Compare the Flood story in the Bible with the Flood story in Gilgamesh. How do they differ, and how are they similar? In general, what was the influence of Mesopotamia on the Hebrews?

2. What were some of the effects of Alexander’s conquest on both the Greeks and the peoples of the former Persian Empire?

3. Compare the rise of Augustus to become “Princeps” and his methods of rule, to Napoleon’s rise to power and Emperorship. Did they use similar tactics to achieve imperial rule and to govern their empires?
4. What were some of the distinguishing features of the Middle Ages? How did the Italian Renaissance differ from the Middle Ages, and what caused these changes? What were some of the causes of the Renaissance?
For this question, concentrate on the Italian Renaissance, though some mention of the Northern Renaissance should be made.
5. What were the issues and problems that helped cause the Protestant Reformation? Why and how did it spread so rapidly? How did the Catholic Church battle the Reformation?
6. Discuss the Age of Discovery (or Age of Exploration) which, for purposes of this paper, was from @[email protected] Why did Europe begin to conquer overseas territories? What were some of the motivations of the discoverers? What were some of the effects of Europe’s “expansion” on Europe and America? Some mention should be made of European expansion towards Asia.
7. “The French Revolution was a failure.” Do you agree, disagree, agree/disagree in part? Your answer should discuss the goals of the Revolution as found in various sources, the events of the Revolution, and look a little at Napoleon and later French and European and/or world history.

8. Compare the Romantics and the Enlightenment. May the Romantics be considered a reaction, at least in part, to elements of the Enlightenment? If you had to choose, do you think it is better to run a society on Enlightenment or Romantic grounds?

9. Discuss the imperialism of the latter half of the Nineteenth Century and early Twentieth century. In particular, discuss the idea of the “White Man’s Burden”. Also, how does Japanese expansion in the 1870 to 1914 period relate to European imperialism —was it for similar or different reasons?

While you can discuss imperialism by America, the bulk of the paper should deal with imperialism by European powers.

10. Discuss the aggression of the Italian Fascists and the Nazis in the 1930s. Could the Western powers somehow have prevented it?
11. How are the First and Second World Wars related? Acknowledging the great differences between 1914-18 and 1939-45, could they be considered as two phases of what some have called a Thirty-One Years War?
12. Compare and contrast Soviet Communism, Italian Fascism, and National Socialism. In what ways were they similar? How do they differ? Were Fascism, National Socialism, and Soviet Communism all part of a broader totalitarian ideology?

13. How was the First World War fought? Discuss tactics, weaponry, strategies, and important battles. Could the Central Powers have won, and how?

14. How was the Second World War fought? Discuss tactics, weaponry, strategies, and important battles. Could the Axis have won, and how?

15. What caused the Cold War? How was it “fought”? Why did it last for so long?

16. Discuss decolonization. Why did it happen, and why was it so difficult in some countries and so relatively easy in others? What have been some of the problems faced by the decolonized countries?

16. Discuss some of the important technological changes from 1789 to today. In particular, what was the importance of the steam engine and telegraph in the Industrial Revolution and the computer in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries?



































Sample Solution