External factors that have an impact on the ethical concern

Select the following ethical scenario:
Management invites researchers onto a health care research project who do not have the Institutional Review Board’s (IRB) approval or exemption.
Create a 4-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes in your own words in which you:

Explain external factors that have an impact on the ethical concern in the scenario.
Cite at least 3 peer-reviewed references to support your presentation.

Format your assignment according to APA guidelines. Include a title slide, detailed speaker notes, and a reference slide.

Identify at least 3 peer-reviewed research articles that relate to the ethical concerns of the chosen scenario or to the process step at which ethical issues may have begun.

address items that were relevant, including but not limited to, a summary of what ethics is, ethical implications related to research, bias, IRB, researcher and participant responsibilities, external/internal factors and a conclusion

Sample Solution

Quality director at a long-term care facility

You are the quality director at a long-term care facility. Your manager has asked you to investigate two areas of care: colonoscopy care and pressure ulcer injuries. Your facility has seen a recent increase in their patients needing colonoscopy care that goes beyond what your facility can provide. It would be helpful to gather information on the quality of colonoscopy care by local hospitals.

For pressure ulcer injuries, you are concerned about this quality indicator: the percentage of patients with pressure ulcer injuries that are new or that have worsened since their arrival at your facility. In your facility, that quality indicator is 15% of residents, while the state percentage is 2.5%. Your manager has requested that you investigate how to improve this quality indicator in your long-term care facility so that the percentage will become closer to the state percentage.

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Ethical decision-making in team leadership

Write a research paper that analyzes methods used to ethically manage teams and groups within organizations. In your research paper, be sure to include the following elements:

Distinguish between a group and a team.
Discuss ethical decision-making in team leadership that promotes social responsibility.
Discuss leadership styles and traits that are effective for successful management of groups and teams.

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Ethical statements or documentation

Discuss the following questions:

What kind(s) of information do Walmart include in their ethical statements or documentation?
Is there a designated team or governing structure that oversees ethics for Walmart?
What messages does Walmart attempt to send to their employees?
What messages do Walmart attempt to send to their external customers?
Why do you think that being perceived as “ethical” may or may not be important for a business?
What are some other potential strategies that Walmart may want to consider, and why?

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Business Ethics

Companies are expected to act ethically and to ensure their employees act ethically as well. However, we know the level of ethics expected is not always the same as the level of ethics in practice. Take a moment to share your thoughts on the following questions about ethics, in light of what you have learned in this course.

If you were the CEO of a company, how would you ensure employees operate at a high ethical standard?

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Devices to automate operations

Part A:

A small restaurant only provides burger and sandwich. It has two chefs and one waitress. Chef A is assigned to make burger and Chef B make sandwich. Waitress’s job is to present customer’s order to the right chef. You are required to use {{{{{Command pattern}}}}} to illustrate the order process. As we discussed in lecture, in this case, the invoker is responsible for not only storing and dispatching command, but choosing appropriate receiver as well. The receiver class (chef) contains only one method MakeFood(), it will display on screen the food is being made.

1) Give the UML class diagram

2) Provide the implementation code of the UML class diagram given in JAVA. The main application should display the following message

“Welcome, would you like to order a burger or sandwich?”, then based on customer’s choice, store and dispatch the order to the right chef.

Part B:

A house automation system uses four devices to automate operations. The four devices are

a) A Weather instrument that provides current weather (rain, cloud, sunny, etc)

b) A CoffeePot

c) A Calendar that provides date, day, time info and a timer

d) A Sprinkler

Use{{{{{{{{{{{{{{{ Mediator pattern}}}}}}}}} to coordinate these four devices and automate the following operations

i) During weekdays, start to make coffee at 6am

ii) At the weekend, if weather is sunny, start to make coffee at 7am or at 8am

iii) During June to October, start sprinkler twice a day (6am, 8pm) and run it for 15 mins. But sprinkler will not start if it is raining.

1) Give the UML class diagram

2) Provide the implementation code of the UML class diagram given in this part of question using JAVA.

Note: Show in the diagram how you used Mediator pattern to implement the code


Part C:

Use the {{{{{{{{{{Observer pattern}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}}} in a situation where registered flight ticket buyers are notified when ticket price is lower than or equal to a certain amount specified by the buyer at the registration time. For example John expects to be notified only when round trip DTW <> NYC on 12/24 <> 12/29 reaches $210. Different buyer may have different expectation for the same flight. At registration time with a given flight each buyers provides his/her name, from city, destination city, departure date, return date and expected price. Similarly, a flight is defined by {from city, destination city, departure date, return date and price}

1) Give the UML diagram using the observer pattern. In the pattern, there should be one single ConcreteObserver class. Each buyer will be an instance of that class. There should also be one single concreteSubject class. Each flight will be an instance of that class. You are requested to give the details of each class in the diagram (i.e., methods, properties, whether the methods/properties are private, public, or protected).

2) Give the implementation code of the UML diagram. You must use PULL mode to implement the notification. The PULL mode usually involves two steps, first notifies the investor the flight price reaches his expectation and then he retrieves the flight information anytime he wants in the future. In the main application, you are requested to create three flights (as instances of the concretSubject class):

{Chi, SFO, 01/15/2022, 01/26/2022, $420}, {DTW, NYC, 02/03/2022, 02/10/2022, $240}, {FLL, DFW, 04/23/2022, 04/28/2022, $300} You are also requested to create two buyers: John and Maria. John will register with the first flight with an expectation of $350 and second flight with an expectation of $200. Maria will register with the second flight with an expectation of $220 and third flight with an expectation of $280. Also in the main program, testing the scenarios of receiving notification.

Sample Solution

The vision of an ethical organization.

In order to develop an ethical organization, leaders must be committed to the vision of an ethical organization. They must also be willing to take the steps necessary to ensure that their actions lead to building and sustaining an ethical organization. All members of the organization must also make a commitment to adhering to these tenets and guidelines. This overall organizational commitment is necessary to actualize leadership’s vision and policies.

Clinical psychologist and leadership expert Henry Cloud said, “if you are building a culture where honest expectations are communicated and peer accountability is the norm, then the group will address poor performance and attitudes” (Cloud, 2014).

Provide an analysis of Cloud’s quote, explaining how his ideology was practiced or not practiced by the 11 officers who witnessed, but did not participate in, the Rodney King beating incident we studied last week. Evaluate the ethical issues as they pertain to LAPD vision and mission at the time. Taking on the role of one of the 11 officers, explain, based on the premise of the quote, what the potential motivations would have been to stay quiet in this situation. Describe what the motivations might have been to come forward.

Sample Solution