Test Development and Analysis

A. Given the following objectives, write 5 multiple choice questions covering all of the COGNITIVE taxonomic levels. Label the test item with its taxonomic level and correct answer.

OBJECTIVES:

At the end of the lecture, the student should be able to:

  1. Explain the principle of the antiglobulin test.
  2. List the steps in the DAT and the IAT tube agglutination procedures and describe the rationale for each step.
  3. Discuss the applications of the direct and indirect antiglobulin tests.
  4. Given an example of an antibody panel, identify the antibody.
  5. Given an example of antigen identification using the indirect antiglobulin method, evaluate the results of the controls and patient’s tests.

B. Find multiple choice questions in a textbook or review book. Find one example of a well written multiple choice question and one example of a poorly written multiple choice question. List the source of the items you select. Write out each question and explain why you think it is well written or poorly written.

Sample Solution

Visualization or infographic

Select any example visualization or infographic and imagine the contextual factors have changed:
Label all the sections of your document
If the selected project was a static work, what ideas do you have for potentially making it usefully interactive? How might you approach the design if it had to work on both mobile/tablet and desktop?
If the selected project was an interactive work, what ideas do you have for potentially deploying the same project as a static work? What compromises might you have to make in terms of the interactive features that wouldn’t now be viable?
What about the various annotations that could be used? Thoroughly explain all of the annotations, color, composition, and other various components to the visualization.
What other data considerations should be considered and why?
Update the graphic using updated data, in the tool of your choice (that we’ve used in the course), explain the differences.

Sample Solution

The Case: Adolescence

Create a simulated case study, releant to your area of specialization, of an adolescent who presents developmental challenges related to Erikson’s age- or stage-related milestones expected at his or her age.

The adolescent and his or her strengths and challenges.
A challenge for the adolescent in terms of identity and self-concept.
The medical, family, and social context.
The developmental challenges that were evident in the behavior of the adolescent.
Evidence in the case that the adolescent struggles by not meeting the expected milestones of Erikson’s theory of adolescent development.
Individual and cultural factors that theory and/or research indicate could impact the adolescent’s development.
Any other factors you deem appropriate based on your understanding of the theory and related research.
To develop this case, you should:

Explore theory and research related to development linked to adolescence.
Utilize current research on adolescent brain development to describe potential outcomes linked to brain development at this age, including important considerations in the case you are developing.
Develop your case study further by creating an environmental context for the adolescent. Include any specific issues that you want to explore through research, such as influences of a specific culture or ethnicity or specific socioeconomic status.
Maintain a resource list of the materials you consulted to build your case.

Sample Solution

SMITHFIELD’S CUSTOM FURNITURE

It is 1901. Alicia Smithfield, daughter of the founder of Smithfield Custom Furniture, just inherited the company. Sh
Headquartered in upstate New York, the company has grown significantly over the past 60 years. Began in a she
developed a huge following among New York City’s wealthiest residents.
After being educated in the best business schools in Europe and America, Alicia has run the business side-by-sid
were many issues confronting the business, a tree being felled took an unexpected route and brought Jonas’ life t
The company had just moved to a facility large enough to house its workers: 10 carpenters; 5 furniture designers;
operators to assist with the various equipment needed to cut the wood into various designs, polish and sand the w
that transported wood from upstate New York and Canada to the work area in good repair; 15 lumberjacks who cu
the rugged highway by truck; and 5 office personnel who assisted with filing, invoicing, drafting and responding to
other necessary office functions. More than half of these employees were hired in the past 5 years.
Alicia’s Big Issues
The major issues confronting Alicia Smithfield are these:
(1) The furniture manufacturing functions are very disorganized. It is not clear how to best organize these function
method to complete all of their tasks.
(2) The production schedule is a mess. It is not clear which projects should be completed first in order to ensure p
(3) The lumberjacks, both in cutting trees down and shipping them by truck or boat, differ on the best methods to
(4) Tempers are flaring as a result of the disorganization. The office, clerical, and support workers are rude to eac
(5) While the company is financially successful, as it has grown from a small family-owned business to a large an
pace. Few formal rules exist and the keeping and maintenance of records are haphazard.
(6) Employees are feeling overworked and losing satisfaction in the work they are doing. They believe their basic
Alicia’s Proposed Issue Solutions
Alicia Smithfield is familiar with the writings and contributions of each of the contributors to management theory yo
from the readings to solve each of the issues listed above. But, she is unclear as to which individuals in the readin
Your Task for Your Initial Post
You are to answer for Alicia Smithfield any four (4) of the above mentioned six (6) issues. Specifically, she has as
issues confronting her. You have been requested to explain to Alicia why you selected the four consultants you ch
consultant will solve one of the four issues you identified that particular consultant to address. You should explain
that contribution/idea applies to the specific issue you have recommended that person solve. You should identify t
Note: You may not use any of the individuals in the readings to solve more than one of the four (4) issues. In the e
inconvenience stand in your way. You may still use that individual to solve a specific issue.
For research associated with this discussion, you must use course materials only. You must provide APA formatte
you select.

Sample Solution

Globalization’ remarkable impacts on urban places

Globalization has had remarkable impacts on urban places in the core, semi-periphery, and periphery.
Describe resulting spatial patterns of globalization on Accra (Ghana) over the last 30 years, spatial processes
of globalization that affected the urban housing market in the United States of 2007/8, and spatial projections of
globalization on Shanghai (China) since the city’s growth after 1978.

Sample Solution

Opioid Use and Child Development

Opioid Use and Child Development
Background and Literature
The use of opioids during pregnancy has been well documented. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 1 in 3 women of reproductive age filled an opioid prescription each year between 2008 and 2012 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). Reporting on self-reported data, the author(s) adds that about 7 percent of women reported using prescription opioid pain relievers during pregnancy, and of those women, one in five reported misuse of prescription opioids (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020).
The resultant effect of the opioid use has been extensively studied. In Welton, Blakelock, Madden and Kelly (2019), the authors, through a systematic review, summarized information on the effects of opioid use in pregnancy, on subsequent pediatric development and behavior. Their findings indicated that the use of opioids during pregnancy can lead to developmental delays, when the same demographic are compared with their peers, yet, they remain within population norms of cognition, fine-motor skills, hand-eye coordination, executive function, and attention and impulsivity levels, which is to imply there is no effect on these areas. In another study, Larson et al. (2019) summarized an expert panel discussion by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration on the impact of perinatal opioid exposure and its impact on child development. According to the authors, there is significant evidence in literature suggesting an association between neonates exposed to opioids in utero and long-term adverse neurocognitive, behavioral and development outcomes. The authors add that the adverse outcomes are sequalae and may not be apparent during the neonatal period, but eventually become salient as the children develop and reach preschool and school age period.
Therefore, this significant topic warrants research, especially when considering divergent opinions even in the two research articles reviewed herein. Furthermore, factoring in the statistical information herein, such as the widespread use of opioids during pregnancy, it is an important research problem in social context, where more in-depth information can lead policy and other forms of solutions, such as screening of high risk pregnant women in health care facilities.
Discussion
The topic of opioid use and child development is relevant to study due to the social implications. Romanowicz et al. (2019), writes that the opioid use crisis in the United States presents policy, social, community health and health, and individual outcomes. This is an important research problem with respect to social work because one of the tenets of social work is ensuring that the values of service, dignity and worth of a person are upheld. Furthermore, the author writes that enhancing human wellbeing and alleviating psychiatric symptoms is critical. The use of opioids, among pregnant women undoubtedly, has a negative impact on fetus and child development in subsequent years as evidenced in the preceding literature. As such, exploring this issue can help to shed more light on it, and present possible solutions that can enhance positive health outcomes, which is essential in the field of health care.
Research Question
Building on the preceding literature, the question that will be analyzed herein is:

  • What is the effect of opioid use among pregnant women on fetuses and early childhood development?
    The independent variable herein is opioid use, while the dependent variable is the early childhood development outcomes, from the fetus age.
    References
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, September 4). Opioid use during pregnancy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/opioids/index.html
    Larson, J. J., Graham, D. L., Singer, L. T., Beckwith, A. M., Terplan, M., Davis, J. M., . . . Bada, H. S. (2019). Cognitive and behavioral impact on children exposed to opioids during pregnancy. Pediatrics, 144(2), e20190514. doi:10.1542/peds.2019-0514
    Romanowicz, M., Voort, J. L., Shekunov, J., Oesterle, T. S., Thusius, N. J., Rummans, T. A., . . . Schak, K. M. (2019). The effects of parental opioid use on the parent–child relationship and children’s developmental and behavioral outcomes: a systematic review of published reports. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 13(5), e266. doi:10.1186/s13034-019-0266-3
    Welton, S., Blakelock, B., Madden, S., & Kelly, L. (2019). Effects of opioid use in pregnancy on pediatric development and behaviour in children older than age 2. Canadian Family Physician, 65(12), 544-551.

Sample Solution

Ways to close the interview.

Address the following topics:
Describe ways to prepare for an interview.
List three different types of interview questions and tips for answering them.
Describe ways to close the interview.
Explain how to follow up after the interview.
Conclude your presentation with any additional recommendations you can give someone who is just starting their job search.

Sample Solution