Curriculum development

100 word response 1 reference
Calvin
Curriculum development is a complex process with several factors that aid in decision making. The goal of curriculum development is to build a framework and establish an atmosphere that facilitates learning. No one can be totally objective in a cultural or social setting, but curriculum specialist can broaden their base of knowledge and experiences by trying to understand other people’s sense of values and by analyzing problems from various perspectives (Ornstein, Pajak, & Ornstein, 2015 p.3). A value centered curriculum promotes student learning through socializing and reinforcing behavioral norms to create an environment that allow for student development. The value centered curriculum is a humanistic approach to curriculum that pushes students toward more personal and social development. General Education has three goals, namely the target for the cognition domain, the target for the awareness domain, and the target for the creation domain (Karliani & Triyani 2021 p. 540). Values are an important component to aiding students in achieving these goals. Teaching values can lead to productive members of society that play an active role in the community and society as a whole.
In my discipline of Physical Education the value centered approach is a necessary component of my curriculum. The majority of activities that are conducted in my class requires sportsmanship, citizenship, and cooperation amongst students to achieve desired outcomes. Students learn through playing. Concepts like fairness, sharing, success, and failure are experienced through play. There are many different definitions of play, most theorists and educators agree that play involves free choice, enjoyment, self-motivation, and a focus on process rather than on product (Nialand 2009 p.2). The components of playing are intricate to creative behavior and the lesson learned through playing become integral feature of the creative process throughout life. Allowing students to engage in meaningful games and integrating values into the lesson creates a trajectory to developing positive productive adults. Playing allows students to mimic the behavior of others to create growth in the critical thinking process. Therefore, play is regarded as being important in relation to children’s cognitive development, particularly their flexible thinking and problem-solving skills (Nialand 2009 p. 2). Teaching values can lead to productive members of society that play an active role in the community and society as a whole.

Sample Solution

Proposed Development

Scenario:
A new development has been proposed at the Northwest corner of Broad Street (SR-16) and Mink Street
in Pataskala Township, Licking County, Ohio. The site to be developed is approximately 57 acres in size.
The development program consists of a residential subdivision consisting of 230 single-family detached
housing units (ITE LUC 210). A preliminary site plan has been provided below. Two access driveways for
the residential portion have been proposed with the approximate location of the access driveways
shown on the attached proposed site plan. The opening year for the development is 2025.
Complete a detailed traffic impact analysis of the proposed development. Initial discussion between the
study area to include the following four intersections, two existing and two proposed:
• Broad Street SW (SR-16) @ Mink Street SW
• Broad Street SW (SR-16) @ Summit Road SW
• Broad Street SW (SR-16) @ Residential Access Driveway
• Mink Street SW @ Residential Access Driveway
The two existing intersections are both signalized. Traffic data available from the ODOT TDMS include
traffic counts obtained in 2021 (count location #2445) and AM/PM Peak Hour Turning Movement
Counts for Mink Street and Summit Road Intersections. The TMC provided is dated 2016 but the turn
percentages are assumed to be applicable for this analysis. Additionally, an output from the ODOT SHIFT
program for the Broad Street (SR-16) roadway segment provides an ADT forecast for the year 2020 can
see below.
Technical Specifications for Traffic Analysis:
Because of the proposed driveway connections to the State of Ohio highway network, the Highway
Department has requested that all site design and analyses comply with the applicable requirements
outlined in the Ohio Department of Transportation’s State Highway Access Management Manual current
edition and other references applicable.
All traffic operational analysis shall be conducted using HCM 2010 methodology and the HCS 2010
software shall be used for such analyses. The study period shall be the PM Peak Hour of Adjacent Street
Traffic for traffic analysis.
Submit a memorandum describing its preliminary analysis of the following elements of the traffic impact
analysis:
• Trip Generation, Trip Distribution, and Traffic Assignment (Driveway Percentages)
• Current Year (2022) Traffic Volumes and Turn Movement Counts
• Analysis of Year and Growth Rate
• Opening Year and Analysis Year Traffic Volumes and Turn Movement Counts
The memorandum should document all calculations and clearly state all assumptions used in the
preliminary analysis. The memorandum should also include a list of questions that may have regarding
the technical parameters of the analysis if any
Existing Conditions Analysis
The memorandum describes the traffic conditions (i.e., LOS) for the two existing intersections for the
design year with background traffic only (“No Build” condition) and the design year with the background
traffic plus the site traffic on existing infrastructure (“Build Condition 1”).
This memorandum shall also include a preliminary analysis of the design requirements for the two
proposed site access driveways, including traffic signal warrant analysis and turn lane warrant analysis
based on ODOT requirements. This memorandum shall be submitted via Blackboard by the date shown
at the top of this handout
Final Report
Submit a final report describing the analysis and recommendations from the traffic impact analysis. The
final report shall address all items as outlined in ODOT guidelines, including capacity analysis, turn
lane/signal warrant analysis, and driveway spacing verification. The report should address the traffic
impact of the proposed development at the study intersections and site driveways and clearly state the
recommended improvements required for each intersection/driveway to achieve the target LOS for the
design year. The analysis should also determine if the installation of traffic signals and/or turn lanes are
warranted for each intersection/driveway. Verify the spacing and location of the proposed access
driveways and recommend changes if appropriate.
Additionally, the final analysis should include a table showing the dimensions of turn lanes, driveway
width and depth, and curb radii for an appropriate design vehicle for each driveway in accordance with
ODOT requirements and typical practices. Based on the driveway specifications, the report shall include
a neat sketch (i.e., AutoCAD or Hand ) of the two proposed site driveways showing the dimensions of all
relevant parameters associated with each driveway design.

Sample Solution

Example of curriculum or module development.

Identify a curriculum unit or module that you think is an excellent example of its type. Choose one that’s appropriate for your program track, K–12 or adult education. If you’re not sure where to start, you can find links to many materials at all levels by searching MERLOT. In addition, many organizations offer free educational materials related to their area or work or study.

Note: You cannot share a unit that you have created/designed in previous classes.

Please respond to the following:

Share the source and title of your selection.
Discuss the topic of the unit or module.
What main components are included in this unit?
Explain why you believe this unit is an excellent example of curriculum or module development.

Sample Solution

Martin Davies , “What is critical thinking?

READ
Martin Davies , “What is critical thinking? And do universities really teach it?”
Peter Ellerton, “Thinking about thinking helps kids learn. How can we teach critical thinking?”
Answer ONE of the following questions:

  1. Having taken this class, do you find any of the definitions of “critical thinking” discussed by Davies to be adequate? To what extent do you agree with Davies when he argues that the definition of “critical thinking” is relatively unimportant? Why?
  2. To what extent do you believe that this class promoted or helped cultivate the critical thinking skills that employers look for? Is there a specific lesson or topic that seemed to help more than any other? Explain.
  3. Having taken this class, do you find the definitions of “critical thinking” offered by Ellerton to be adequate? To what extent do you agree with Ellerton about the characteristics that enable critical thinking? Why?
  4. To what extent do you believe that this class presented students with the “learning experiences and assessment items” that Ellerton says help cultivate critical thinking skills? Explain with reference to one or more lessons or topics.

Sample Solution

Development and changes

Summary
Even though the tech industry is the most competitive industry on the planet, Google
has continued to outperform all its competitors. In just 18 years, it has grown from a
two-man startup to 57,000 employees in 40 countries. Google has successfully
implemented its mission “to create the happiest, most productive workplace in the
world.” Google continues to adapt, change, and restructure itself to meet the challenges
of an ever-developing industry.
Analysis
To attract and retain the best possible employees throughout the world, Google offers
above-average compensation packages and accommodation allowances. Although it
attempts to be globally consistent, at times it has needed to change how it compensates
employees in certain markets, for example, in Dubai. To minimize resistance to change,
Google implements new changes every day, effectively forcing employees to adapt.
Google strives to maintain its positive workplace culture and to be a different type of
company.
Case Questions

  1. Why might Google’s tactics for employee compensation need to vary in different places in
    the world?
  2. Why do companies often run into resistance when trying to implement new organizational
    development and changes?

Sample Solution

Development and changes

Summary
Even though the tech industry is the most competitive industry on the planet, Google
has continued to outperform all its competitors. In just 18 years, it has grown from a
two-man startup to 57,000 employees in 40 countries. Google has successfully
implemented its mission “to create the happiest, most productive workplace in the
world.” Google continues to adapt, change, and restructure itself to meet the challenges
of an ever-developing industry.
Analysis
To attract and retain the best possible employees throughout the world, Google offers
above-average compensation packages and accommodation allowances. Although it
attempts to be globally consistent, at times it has needed to change how it compensates
employees in certain markets, for example, in Dubai. To minimize resistance to change,
Google implements new changes every day, effectively forcing employees to adapt.
Google strives to maintain its positive workplace culture and to be a different type of
company.
Case Questions

  1. Why might Google’s tactics for employee compensation need to vary in different places in
    the world?
  2. Why do companies often run into resistance when trying to implement new organizational
    development and changes?

Sample Solution

Agile software developments

During the past 4 weeks you have studied several software methodology techniques.

Agile software developments

Software process model

Client server architecture

Open source code

Discuss what methodology or subject that you have learned has been your favorite topic/subject? Write a paragraph and briefly discuss and share your learning experience with classmates.

Sample Solution