Discuss how your previous view of psychopathology (i.e. “problem formation, “problem maintenance,” and “problem amelioration”) has changed or been maintained. How do you believe that “assessment” can be a tool for helping a client family, rather than a means for stigmatizing a client? Respond to the posts of at least two other students.

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Advance Pathophysiology

Briefly answer the questions in a couple of lines. Do not include unsolicited information

1- What is the age of Puberty for Male and for females?

2- When is early and late Puberty findings positive on each gender? (Males and females)

3- What is Dysmenorrhea? Define Primary and secondary Dysmenorrhea.

4- Primary vs Secondary Amenorrhea. Which the most common cause of secondary Amenorrhea?

5- Causes of abnormal uterine bleeding.

6- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)symptomatology.

7- What is premenstrual Syndrome and in which phase of the Ovulatory cycle occurs?

8- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)concept and main risk factor for it.

9- Vaginitis concept, main causes.

10- Cervicitis concept, Etiology.

11- Vulvodynia concept, and etiology.

12- Bartholinitis. Pathophysiology and symptoms.

13- Mention three types of Ovarian Cysts and its features.

14- What are Leiomyomas, Risk factors for it, and types of these tumors.

15- What is endometriosis? Causes of it and symptoms.

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Forensic Psychology and no concentration

Discussion using the following headings and according to the italicized instructions given for each element:

Program of Study: Identify your specific program of study and, if applicable, your concentration area.

Social Problem: Briefly describe the social problem or phenomenon of interest. Typically, this can be done in 3 or fewer sentences.

Quantitative Research Problem: Complete the following sentence: The scholarly community does not know…

Quantitative Research Purpose: Typically, this is a 1-sentence statement addressed by completing the following sentence: The purpose of this quantitative study is…

Quantitative Research Question: Typically, this is a 1-sentence question unless you have more than one research question.
Theory or Conceptual Framework: Identify a specific psychological or sociological theory or specific aspects of a conceptual framework that guides that guides the scenario. Briefly describe how the specific theory or conceptual framework guides your research question and will aid in interpretation of results.

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DQ1: Tatiana
Julie is a 35-year-old with bipolar II disorder. After her third child was born, she had a severe depressive episode. She attempted suicide by taking 25 Xanax pills. She is back in the hospital with depression after having a 2-week hypomanic episode. She has not been taking her medications.
a. What responsibility does the health care organization have to Julie?
The health care organization staff, such as the nurses, doctors, pharmacists, social workers, psychologists, and nutritionists, partner with Julie in shared decision making, cooperation, and coordination on the management or treatment of Julie’s bipolar disorder. Hence, the health care organization has a collaborative practice responsibility toward Julie. The collaborative practice saves time, improves communication, improves working relationships, reduces duplication, and enhances the better experience of clients such as Julie, who use the organization’s social and healthcare services.
b. What structures are needed at a hospital to ensure that Julie will get the care she needs?
Julie’s condition is manageable through the outpatient department. If the condition worsens or she experiences manic, depressive, or panic attacks, she will be admitted to the medical word for close observation until she is proven stable by the doctor. Julie’s family, guardian, or caregiver should take part in her treatment process to help in decision making, especially when July cannot communicate or is medically unfit to make decisions. Management of bipolar disorder involves medication such as antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, anti-depressants, and psychological and ECG intervention.
c. What is the nurse’s responsibility regarding the health promotion activities directed toward Julie?
The nurse’s responsibility is to provide holistic care to Julie by ensuring that all her needs are met to ensure positive health outcomes. For example, Julie’s nurses should provide psychological support and a peaceful environment free from distractions to the patient. To meet the patient’s nutritional needs, the nurses should ensure Julie adheres to treatment and medication and is provided with a balanced diet to meet all the nutritional demands and ensure positive health outcomes. The nurse should also motivate and help Julie do regular exercises and attending ensure she is safe at all times.
Stephane, a 15-year-old Haitian refugee who is living at a center for children of refugees, has a severe cough and fever. She is curled up in a corner of the community room wrapped in a towel. She looks like she has been crying.
a. How can the nurse ensure culturally competent care?
The nurses observe cultural competency by:

  1. They are preventing communication barriers to improve communication. Besides, poor communication between the patient and the nurse makes it difficult to guarantee the success of the treatment; hence, if the patient cannot understand the nurse, the nurses should use symbols, pictures, sign language, facial expressions, and gestures to communicate effectively.
  2. Participate in online media platforms to support and show respect for diversity and different cultural perspectives. This can help influence positive views for diversity and enhance cultural awareness.
  3. Participate in direct cross-cultural interaction with the patient and understand the patient’s values, beliefs, and needs to enhance the effective relationships with them.
  4. Take part in cultural competence self-assessment to understand their cultural competence abilities and be informed with trending information on cultures, taking part in cultural competence training and reading primary sources on cultural competence.
    b. List three priorities for the nurse regarding the cultural values, beliefs, and possible practices Stephane may have.
    These are priorities about cultural beliefs and values, including practices, which Stephanie may have:
  5. Affection and belonging to a group, whereby the nurses should ensure that Stephanie is taken to a children’s home, where she can feel at home ad be shown love and care during her lowest times.
  6. Safety needs include ensuring Stephanie is safe from danger and lives or stays in a peaceful environment, where she is secure and can call it home.
  7. Physiological needs include nurses’ provision of needs such as clothes and food when attending to Stephanie.

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Psychotherapy pioneers

Select two psychotherapy pioneers and conduct further research on their
Synthesize your thoughts using the bullets below as a guide:
• What are the professional accomplishments of each individual?
• How have their contributions influenced mental health intervention and
• Describe how their contributions shaped the field of psychotherapy in mental
• What lessons can you take away from their experiences?
• Discuss skills or ideas demonstrated by these leaders you might apply to your
• practice?
• Support with evidence-based literature within 5 years

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The nature/nurture debate within psychology

The nature/nurture debate within psychology is concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behavior are a product of either inherited (genetic) or acquired (learned) characteristics. This exercise will help you explore that debate by looking at one specific behavior, aggression.

Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory states that aggression is learned from the environment through observation and imitation (nurture). He concludes this, in part, from the results of his famous Bobo doll experiment (Bandura, 1961). Review the Bobo experiment here: Bobo (Links to an external site.) Experiment (Links to an external site.).

Reflect on the following issues:

Where do you stand on the nature/nurture debate? Is aggression a learned behavior? Please provide specific examples to your point of view.
Discuss your thoughts on the experiment and its relevance to the debate. Do you see any potential flaws or underlying factors that may not be reflected in the analysis here?
Suggest at least one implication for society if children do learn predominantly by imitation.
Write a 2–3 pg (not including the title page and reference page) referencing at least two sources (you may cite the website provided here for the Bobo doll experiment as one of your sources. Refer to the Bobo doll experiment, but do not summarize it.)

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