Christian sex therapy

Option 1: What differentiates Christian sex therapy from other forms of sex therapy? Compare and contrast both approaches. You may cite from professional websites for this post, along with scholarly resources. What additional training would you recommend for those who desire to become a sex therapy specialist?

Option 2: What psychoeducation services might be offered through local churches to help identify, prevent and/or address sexual issues? What are potential barriers to offering these resources in the local church? Share with the class any resources or services currently available for local churches that you locate.

Sample Solution

The legalization of same-sex marriage

  1. Factors such as the legalization of same-sex marriage, increasing visibility of the transgender community, and greater social acceptance of LGBTQ+ people have bought to light some of the unique issues faced by this community. However, do you think that there is more that needs to be done to increase the social supports available and offered during life transitions? Why might social supports be especially important to LGBTQ+ people as they enter college or parenthood?
  2. How are transgender people discriminated against? Are they denied certain rights?
  3. At what age should a child be allowed to change their gender? Should the parents or the child be in control of whether or not they change their gender? Do you agree or disagree with parents who opt to allow their children to have a sex change?

Sample Solution

Child Sex Offender Registries

Sex offender registries are found in each of the 50
states. In some states, registries also exist for juvenile offenders. Read the
article entitled “When Kids Are Accused of Sex Crimes.” Then, write a reaction
paper to the article. Do you feel that children should be placed on the
registry? If so, under what conditions? If not, why do you feel it is
unnecessary? Consider the various treatments that were described as well as the
punishments for violating the registry requirements.

Sample Solution

Claim of sex discrimination

The plaintiffs had two legal claims. The first being that there was a claim of sex discrimination when it came to Eveleth Mines’ promotional practices, specifically the practice of promoting hourly employees to step-up foreman; no woman was ever promoted to step-up foreman at the mine (Jenson v. Eveleth Taconite, paragraph 3). The second claim was of sexual harassment, particularly through the maintenance of a hostile environment at the Thunderbird Mine and Fairlane Plant (Jenson v. Eveleth Taconite, paragraph 6). Reacting to those claims, the management at the Eveleth Mines stated that 1) in terms of the sex discrimination claim, the defendants wanted to prove that the reason of no woman being promoted to step-up foreman was not a result of sex discrimination or an employment policy, but rather the factor that woman did not have the experience or training required to become a step-up foreman and that those that did have both, were just not interested (Jenson v. Eveleth Taconite, paragraph 4).

         I believe there are a few factors as to why sexual harassment continues to persist in business, even though there is the risk of liability as well as the personal and profession harm such as behavior causes. First, the antifemale animus, which is the negative feelings that a man has about a women and their ability to work or perform that usually manifests in the form of negative language and actions (Bennet-Alexander and Hartman, 451) will, in my opinion, be a cause for sexual harassment; as long as there are men who have a problem with the idea of women working at jobs exactly as the same as theirs, there is bound to be sexual harassment. Furthermore, it is stated that while the harassment of an employee must be gender-based, “it does not need to involve sex, requests for sexual activity, sexual comments, or other similar activity” (Bennet-Alexander and Hartman, 451). This opens up the path to a plethora of scenarios, ways or options that could eventually lead to claims of sexual harassment.

         Finally, based on the viewing of the North Country movie, if I was the Director of Human Resources at Eveleth Mines in 2021, the first action I would implement to protect against workplace harassment is to create an explicitly clear sexual harassment policy that is similar to that of the XYZ Policy mentioned in the textbook (Bennet-Alexander and Hartman, 436) which would be shared and handed out to all employees so that the employees would be well aware and educated of the policy, and be implemented with immediate effect. This would allow the employees to know how serious this problem/issue is and that such action or activity will be subject to severe sanctions and will not be tolerated. The second action I would implement is to install a committee along with surveillance cameras around the mine area that will supervise each work area and have a person or people stationed at the work area just to make sure there is nothing bad going on at the workplace.

Sample Solution

LGBTQ history and the history of sexuality

In LGBTQ history and the history of sexuality, we often talk about “theory.” In this week’s Discussion Boards, we’re going to explore exactly what we mean when we explore “theory” by looking, once again, at the work of Jeffrey Weeks as well as the ways in which theory is applied in our readings for Weeks 3 and 4 (Cleves, D’Emilio, Somerville, and Freedman).

Prompt:

So, what is “theory”? In its simplest terms, “theory” refers to the ways in which historians explain the causes of events or trends when we don’t have as much information as we need to define immediate or direct causes. In fact, in almost every case, historians either don’t have enough information, conflicting information, or conflicting interpretations of information that make it impossible to do without theory. In the case of LGBTQ history and the history of sexuality, theory helps us to answer questions about an aspect of people’s lives that is often concealed, unspoken or kept “private”—sexual desire and sexual practices. We also don’t have definitive information that tells us why specifically “lesbian,” “gay,” “bi,” “trans,” and “queer” identities emerged as features of the society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when we know that in the past—in virtually all times and places, though with different levels of permission and punishment—people have experienced gender transitions, and have had and expressed same-gender desire without using these terms.

Jeffrey Weeks puts forth several theories of how and why sexuality is “constructed,” or best explained by the way it is shaped by cultural and social forces rather than a simple fact of biology. One of those theories, “social and economic organization,” focuses on the ways in which labor systems and consumption shape sexuality, which is an idea we also see reflected in the essay by John D’Emilio on “Capitalism and Gay Identity.” In addition, Weeks argues that “social regulation”—regulation by educational, medical, and legal institutions and organizations, and even peer pressure and popular culture—plays a fundamental role in labeling certain sexual or gender expressions “deviant” or “normal.”

How can we apply Jeffrey Weeks’ theories about “social and economic organization” and “social regulation” to the readings in weeks three and four (Cleves, D’Emilio, Somerville, Freedman, Zane, and Woolner)? How did the social and economic organization of sexuality shape the emergence of LGBTQ communities? How did “social regulation” shape the ideas people had about themselves (their identities) as well as their experiences of stigma and shame or finding community and forging relationships?

Sample Solution

Etiology of the sexual acting out behavior

Choose one of the following movies from the list below. Decide on one of the characters (preferably one struggling with difficulties acting out sexually such as offending or other problematic sexual behaviors) Movie choices The Accused (1988); Dolores Claiborne (1995); Happiness (1998); L.I.E. (2001); Talk to Her (2001); In the Cat (2003); Monster (2003); Capturing the Friedmans (2003); Mystic River (2003); The Woodsman (2004); Bad Education (2004); Crash (2004); Basic Instinct; Hard Candy (2005); The Summer of ’42.

Chose a character from the movie and analyze:
a) Likely etiology of the sexual acting out behavior
b) Sexual offender typology that you believe fit this particular offender
c) Other clinically relevant information – what else might be going on with this offender? Other treatment issues or considerations that may be relevant to the deviant sexual behavior?
d) What risk factors would need to be considered?
e) Discuss latest research findings associated with the disorder (locate 5 peer reviewed journal articles that are relevant to your client’s problems) and a forensic population and incorporate these into the assignment;
f) Discuss intervention strategies and evidence based practices that would likely be most helpful given the difficulties the client is presenting with as well as the forensic component. Develop a presentation PowerPoint with your findings, with notes on the slides.

Goal of presentation:
Demonstrate an in-depth understanding of sexual offending across the developmental lifespan. • Select screening and intervention practices appropriate for clients with a history of sexually offending. • Identify risk and protective factors associated with sexual offending. • Interpret the role of co-occurring disorders and cognitive impairments in sexually offending. • Examine the impact of offender registration, civil commitment, and community notification on sex offenders in the community. • Analyze and evaluate research findings in sexual offending.

Sample Solution

Alcohol Use and Sex Crimes

Tackle a problem within your field of study by first exploring it, its causes, and its impacts.
Recommend one or more practical solutions to solve the problem.
After deciding on the problem you wish to tackle, begin building questions about it. Your goal for the analysis is
Identify what is at stake.
Here are questions to help guide your analysis:
What is the problem being addressed (explain, describe, and “prove” that it exists)?
Who is affected by this problem?
Why does this problem exist (identify the root causes)?
Why does the problem persist (identify the major factors that contribute to the problem’s ongoing presence)?
What is at stake if the problem is not solved?
If you decide to include a solution, use these questions to guide you:
Who can take action?
What should they do, exactly?
Why would this help?
What are the positive and negative aspects of your solution(s)?
Analyze a problem and possibly provide a solution

Sample Solution

Sexual Codes

1.8
Indicate whether each of the following studies is an experiment or an observational study. If it is an experiment, identify the independent variable and note any possible confounding variables.
(a) A psychologist uses chimpanzees to test the notion that more crowded living conditions trigger aggressive behavior. Chimps are placed, according to an impartial assignment rule, in cages with either one, several, or many other chimps. Subsequently, during a standard observation period, each chimp is assigned a score based on its aggressive behavior toward a chimp-like stuffed doll.
(b) An investigator wishes to test whether, when compared with recognized scientists, recognized artists tend to be born under different astrological signs.
(c) To determine whether there is a relationship between the sexual codes of primitive tribes and their behavior toward neighboring tribes, an anthropologist consults avail-able records, classifying each tribe on the basis of its sexual codes (permissive or repressive) and its behavior toward neighboring tribes (friendly or hostile).
(d) In a study of group problem solving, an investigator assigns college students to groups of two, three, or four students and measures the amount of time required by each group to solve a complex puzzle.
(e) A school psychologist wishes to determine whether reading comprehension scores are related to the number of months of formal education, as reported on school transcripts, for a group of 12-year-old migrant children.
(f) To determine whether Graduate Record Exam (GRE) scores can be increased by cramming, an investigator allows college students to choose to participate in either a GRE test-taking workshop or a control (non-test-taking) workshop and then com-pares the GRE scores earned subsequently by the two groups of students.
(g) A social scientist wishes to determine whether there is a relationship between the attractiveness scores (on a 100-point scale) assigned to college students by a panel of peers and their scores on a paper-and-pencil test of anxiety.
(h) A political scientist wishes to determine whether males and females differ with respect to their attitudes toward defense spending by the federal government. She asks each person if he or she thinks that the current level of defense spending should be increased, remain the same, or be decreased.
(i) Investigators found that four-year-old children who delayed eating one marshmallow in order to eat two marshmallows later, scored higher than non-delayers on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) taken over a decade later.
1.9
Recent studies, as summarized, for example, in E. Mortensen et al. (2002). The association between duration of breastfeeding and adult intelligence. Journal of the American Medical Association, 287, 2365–2371, suggest that breastfeeding of infants may increase their subsequent cognitive (IQ) development. Both experiments and observational studies are cited.
(a) What determines whether some of these studies are experiments?
(b) Name at least two potential confounding variables controlled by breastfeeding experiments.
2.14
(a) Construct a frequency distribution for the number of different residences occu-pied by graduating seniors during their college career, namely1, 4, 2, 3, 3, 1, 6, 7, 4, 3, 3, 9, 2, 4, 2, 2, 3, 2, 3, 4, 4, 2, 3, 3, 5 (b) What is the shape of this distribution?
2.17
Are there any conspicuous differences between the two distributions in the following table (one reflecting the ages of all residents of a small town and the other reflect in the ages of all U.S. residents)? (a) To help make the desired comparison, convert the frequencies (f) for the small town to percentages. (b) Describe any seemingly conspicuous differences between the two distributions.
(c) Using just one graph, construct frequency polygons for the two relative frequency distributions.
When segmenting the horizontal axis, assign the same width to the open-ended interval (65–above) as to any other class interval. (This tactic causes some distortion at the upper end of the histogram, since one class interval is doing the work of several. Nothing is free, including the convenience of open-ended intervals.)

2.18
The following table shows distributions of bachelor’s degrees earned in 2011–2012 for selected fields of study by all male graduates and by all female graduates
(a) How many female psychology majors graduated in 2011–2012?
(b) Since the total numbers of male and female graduates are fairly different—600.0 thousand and 803.6 thousand—it is helpful to convert first to relative frequencies before making comparisons between male and female graduates. Then, inspect these relative frequencies and note what appear to be the most conspicuous differences between male and female graduates.
(c) Would it be meaningful to cumulate the frequencies in either of these frequency distributions?
(d) Using just one graph, construct bar graphs for all male graduates and for all female graduates. Hint: Alternate shaded and unshaded bars for males and females, respectively.

3.13
Garrison Keillor, host of the radio program A Prairie Home Companion, concludes each story about his mythical hometown with “That’s the news from Lake Wobegon, where all the women are strong, all the men are good-looking, and all the children are above average.” In what type of distribution, if any, would
(a) more than half of the children be above average?
(b) more than half of the children be below average?
(c) about equal numbers of children be above and below average?
(d) all the children be above average?
3.18
Given that the mean equals 5, what must be the value of the one missing observation from each of the following sets of observations?
(a) 1, 2, 10
(b) 2, 4, 1, 5, 7, 7
(c) 6, 9, 2, 7, 1, 2
3.19
Indicate whether the following terms or symbols are associated with the population mean, the sample mean, or both means.
(a) N
(b) varies
(c) ∑
(c) n
(d) constant
(e) subset

  1. 9
    For each of the following pairs of distributions, first decide whether their standard deviations are about the same or different. If their standard deviations are different, indicate which distribution should have the larger standard deviation. Hint: The distribution with the more dissimilar set of scores or individuals should produce the larger standard deviation regardless of whether, on average, scores or individuals in one distribution differ from those in the other distribution.
    (a) SAT scores for all graduating high school seniors (a1) or all college freshmen (a2)
    (b) Ages of patients in a community hospital (b1) or a children’s hospital (b2)
    (c) Motor skill reaction times of professional baseball players (c1) or college students (c2)
    (d) GPAs of students at some university as revealed by a random sample (d1) or a census of the entire student body (d2)
    (e) Anxiety scores (on a scale from 0 to 50) of a random sample of college students taken from the senior class (e1) or those who plan to attend an anxiety-reduction clinic (e2)
    (f) Annual incomes of recent college graduates (f1) or of 20-year alumni (f2)
    4.14
    (a) Using the computation formula for the sample sum of squares, verify that the sample standard deviation, s, equals 23.33 lbs for the distribution of 53 weights in Table 1.1.
    (b) Verify that a majority of all weights fall within one standard deviation of the mean (169.51) and that a small minority of all weights deviate more than two standard deviations from the mean.
  2. 17
    Why can’t the value of the standard deviation ever be negative?
  3. 19
    Referring to Review Question 2.18 on, would you describe the distribution of majors for all male graduates as having maximum, intermediate, or minimum variability?

Sample Solution