Deploying A Cloud Security Control

Information security, which involves assuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of mission-critical data, is typically a primary concern of regulators. Business executives are responsible for aligning corporate policies to the requirements of regulation and follow up to ensure that the policies and associated controls are being enforced.

Regulatory compliance requires that enterprise IT departments meet certain technical standards that conform to specific requirements that are defined by either an external authoritative governmental or industry organization or by internal enterprise policies. Both internal and external regulations may have significant impacts on enterprise IT operations. Complying with any regulatory rule often constrains IT managers by imposing network and system design features that may be quite costly. Likewise, the cost of not complying with regulations may lead to both civil and criminal penalties.

In this assignment, you address security issues related to information security-related regulatory compliance.

Identify and research a specific information security-related regulatory requirement whose compliance is dictated by one of the following regulatory rules:

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).
Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act (GLBA).
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).
Sarbanes–Oxley Act (SOX).

Assume an organization is planning to move a significant IT function, such as data storage or office productivity applications, to a public cloud computing service provider. Identify one of the regulatory rules above as one that would likely govern or be important to the organization and a security control that is appropriate for achieving compliance with it.

Make sure to do the following:

Explain how your security control protects your cloud data.
Create a logical network diagram that indicates the appropriate placement of your security control.
Explain how your security control enables regulatory compliance.

Sample Solution

Security controls are designed to protect cloud data from unauthorized access and malicious activity. Depending on the type of security control chosen, it could include a variety of measures such as authentication, authorization, encryption, firewalls and intrusion detection systems. Authentication ensures that only authorized personnel can access the data which is usually done through user credentials like passwords or biometrics. Authorization defines who has what level of access to certain parts of the system depending on their roles within the organization. Encryption protects data in transit or at rest by making it unreadable to anyone without an encryption key

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