Outline/Annotated Bibliography ;
Assessment 1: Outline/Annotated Bibliography. Each student will begin research on Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) by locating and reading 10 journal
articles of interest. A 1,000 word annotated bibliography consisting of an APA style citation and a few bullet points summarizing each article will be written (See
example below). The articles must be recent (within the last ten years) and from peer-refereed professional journals. Based on your research, develop an outline to be
used to turn this bibliography into an AAC research paper.
Example of citation/annotation:
Gentry, T., Lau, S., Molinelli, A., Fallen, A., & Kriner, R. (2012). The Apple iPod touch as a vocational support aid for adults with autism: Three case studies.
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 37(2), (Advance online publication) DOI: 10.3233/JVR-2012-0601
• The task management and organizational features of PDAs can help people with ASD function more successfully in the workplace. ?
• 4 year randomized trial ?
• iPod programmed with task reminders and lists; video prompts; tools for behavioural self- ?management, and other supports. ?
• Versatility of PDAs to support people with ASD
An aggregate study of single-case research involving aided AAC:
Participant characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorders
Jennifer B. Ganz a,*, Theresa L. Earles-Vollrath b, Rose A. Mason a, Mandy J. Rispoli a,
Amy K. Heath a, Richard I. Parker a
a Texas A&M University, United States
b University of Central Missouri, United States
1. Introduction and purpose
Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to be identified as a low incidence disability, it is now one of the most
common disabilities affecting the developmental trajectories of children (Boyd, Odom, Humphreys, & Sam, 2010; Coolican,
Smith, & Bryson, 2010; National Research Council, 2001). At the center of the symptoms associated with ASD are challenges
in receptive and expressive communication, including impairments in utilizing and understanding verbal and nonverbal
language (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). The variation in communications skills of individuals with ASD is
broad, and may include a lack of socio-communicative skills, use of some odd but purposeful language, or absence of
language (National Research Council, 2001). More than half of the individuals identified as having ASD lack the basic verbal
and nonverbal skills necessary to express fundamental needs (Cafiero, 2001). This is particularly important considering that
the degree of communication proficiency correlates with the long-term ramifications of the disability (Garfin & Lord, 1986).
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 5 (2011) 1500–1509
A R T I C L E I N F O
Received 15 February 2011
Accepted 17 February 2011
Available online 9 April 2011
Autism spectrum disorders
Augmentative and alternative
A B S T R A C T
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who cannot speak at all or not
intelligibly are frequently taught to use aided augmentative and alternative communication
(AAC). The majority of the research on the use of AAC with individuals with ASD
has been single-case research studies. This investigation involved a meta-analysis of the
single-case research on the use of aided AAC with individuals with autism spectrum
disorders (ASD), investigating the differential impacts of AAC by participant characteristics.
An effect size measure, the Improvement Rate Difference (IRD) was used to analyze
24 single-case studies. Two research questions were investigated concerning (a) the
impact of AAC interventions on individuals diagnosed with subcategories of ASD and comorbid
conditions, and (b) the effects of AAC interventions on individuals in different age
groups. Results indicated that participants with ASD and no additional diagnoses had
better outcomes than others and that participants with ASD and developmental
disabilities outperformed participants with ASD and multiple disabilities. Further,
preschool-aged participants had better outcomes than elementary-aged and secondary-
aged participants. Participants in all diagnostic categories and age ranges had
moderate or better effects.
2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
* Corresponding author at: Texas A&M University, Department of Educational Psychology, 4225 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, United States.
Tel.: +1 979 862 2823; fax: +1 979 862 1256.
E-mail address: [email protected] (J.B. Ganz).
Contents lists available at ScienceDirect
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Journal homepage: http://ees.elsevier.com/RASD/default.asp
1750-9467/$ – see front matter 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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