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Project Management Process

Reflection and Discussion Forum Week 15
Reflection and Discussion Forum Week 15Assigned Readings:Chapter 15. Project TerminationInitial Postings: Read and reflect on the assigned readings for the week. Then post what you thought was the most important concept(s), method(s), term(s), and/or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding in each assigned textbook chapter.Your initial post should be based upon the assigned reading for the week, so the textbook should be a source listed in your reference section and cited within the body of the text. Other sources are not required but feel free to use them if they aid in your discussion.Also, provide a graduate-level response to each of the following questions:

Several years ago, the U.S. Congress canceled funding for the development of a battery-powered electric vehicle. Do you think that was a good decision? Can you imagine what the pros and cons were?

Activity I: Many people in and out of government have proposed sunset laws for all projects and agencies. That is, after a fixed amount of time, a project or an agency would be closed down unless sufficient justification to continue its activities were offered. Why is such a law needed? What might constitute “sufficient justification”?

Activity II: List the political and sociological reasons that a project might continue to be supported even though it cannot be justified economically. Can you identify such a project in your private life?

Sample Solution

ore, Locke’s prerogative theory is largely dependent upon the the legislature as representative of the people, and wider society as elected officials. The enforcement of both natural laws and the executive are, according the Lockean theory, dependent upon the support of the common good; “Such consent is expressed not only through voluntary compliance with a rule, but also through its persistent recognition as authoritative coupled with consistent efforts to adjudicate violations and coerce compliance.” Thus, it is critical that governments are charged by the consent of the individual, in order for the just execution of such prerogative powers at the hand of the executive; “i.e. the consent of the majority, giving it either by themselves, or their representatives chosen by them”. In this way, “the true basis of any “law,” whether constitutional or international, appears to be relatively universal acceptance of—or consent to—a rule within a relevant community.” It may however be considered that by endowing the executive with such scope regarding the use of prerogative that a state of tyranny may emerge as these powers become unchecked and thus exploited. This may occur situationally where it becomes difficult to distinguish between legitimate use of prerogative and tyranny; moreover alluring “the exercise of power beyond right”. It is in this case, Locke states, that dispute may emerge between the executive and the legislature; rule by legislation and rule by prerogative each preserve the political community and reflect its foundation out of the state of nature. Therefore, one may argue that therefore, the executive and the legislature do not easily coexist in the constitution, furthermore providing no means to judge the rightful use of prerogative. Others may consider Locke’s power to act outside of normal law as entirely extra- constitutional—its foundation is in natural law, prior to positive law—a natural power. In this way, prerogative is not a grant of the people to the executive in the social contract, embedded in a constitutional structure, but a natural power that persists in civil society. Therefore one may contend that, in effect that only a countervailing natural force can restrain extralegal power; in this way the manifestation of this force may not be under the authority of the legislative as the representation of the people. A number of counteracting forces may prevent such a body from fully defining such uses of prerogative in order to assert its use beyond, or without the rule of normative law. The powers of the prerogative under the executive are only at balance when the use of prerogative can be clearly defined; thus significantly limiting the scope of power of the legislative in respect to that of the executive.
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