Question and Instructions

Consumer behaviour

write the assignment excellent according to the instructions. the writer can have extra 2 days total 12 days if he wants. If the writer has any questions please don’t hesitate to ask me.

Question and Instructions

Question: A brand will only succeed if the marketing mix convinces consumers that it satisfies their wants better than competing brands. For a consumer brand of your choice explain how the marketing mix elements work together to influence consumer buying behaviour.

Your explanation should focus on the psychological and sociological drivers of consumer behaviour, on the decision making process and make extensive use of examples of the marketing activities of your chosen brand.

…End of question…

Chosen brand:  I would like you to write on TOYOTA car brand.

General instructions must follow:
1.    Structured/organized
2.    Specific/relevant
3.    Artifacts/images (Refer to main instructions  below for better understanding).
4.    You have to research from different sources like books(mostly use united kingdom published books), journals and online e.t.c. depending on the information.
5.    Citations and list of References.

Total words for this assignment report 3000 words.

Note: Nivea Assignment from a previous year is uploaded. which is of course a different question and is provided for illustrative purposes only so it can not be copied in anyway. However, you can see how theories were defined, applied on Nivea and evaluated so you can follow the same format but not structure because question is Totally different.

Note 2:  I have uploaded 10 different files of  powerpoint lecture slides which were taught in the class during 10 weeks period of time and they include models and theories . My Tutor recommends me to use any best suited in my assignment so  I recommend you use some different models and theories from these powerpoint files for the assignment depending on what you will write. Slides are:
1)    Week 2 Attention and perception.
2)    Week 3 Consumer learning.
3)    Week 4 consumer memory.
4)    Week 5 Motivation and involvement.
5)    Week 6 Attitudes and behavior.
6)    Week 7 Personality and consumers.
7)    Week 8 Socio-cultural implications for marketers.
8)    Week 9 Consumer decision making.
9)    Week 10 Consumer behavior summary.
10)     Week 11 Brands and consumers.

Below are the main instructions which consists of 14 points total:

Consumer Behaviour: Assignment guidelines 2013-2014
1.    The overall aim of the assessment is to show that you understand how psychological (from within), sociological (from society) and marketer controlled (marketing mix) factors combine to influence purchase behaviour and decisions.
2.    In order to demonstrate your understanding you will make extensive use of the constructs, models and theories that we have learned about in the module. For example, motivation is a “construct”. There are theories which attempt to explain it (Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs) and there is a model (Means-End-Chain analysis) which helps us to apply the theory to specific examples. The more constructs, theories and models you apply appropriately and correctly the more marks you will score for the theoretical content.
3.    As illustrated in the marking scheme the theoretical content must cover psychological factors (such as attention, perception, motivation, learning and memory, personality, attitude), sociological factors (such as culture, values, peers and reference groups, social comparison, social categorisation, celebrity) and the decision making process itself.
4.    In order to connect constructs, theories and models to marketing activity you will make extensive use of examples from the marketing mix of your chosen brand. There are many examples in the lecture slides showing how to do this. Marketing activities refers to the marketing mix and refers specifically to the product, the brand, its packaging and pricing, point-of-purchase activity and of course the brand’s communications and advertising activities.
5.    There is no one “correct” structure or approach but rather a number of possible approaches: CDP as structure; marketing mix as structure; psychological/sociological/decision making factors as structure. The “correct” structure is the one that works best for you.
6.    If you take the CDP as the structure here are some ideas to guide you. The CDP starts with “need recognition”. Marketers must make their brand the object for motive achievement thus they must demonstrate how their brand satisfies the consumer’s needs and wants better than competitors. Products have features which deliver benefits. These benefits provide the motives for engaging in information search and evaluation of alternatives behaviour.  A consumer’s desire for the benefits is what motivates behaviour. Motivation is a “psychological construct” which Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs attempts to explain. Means-End-Chain is a model which allows us to connect needs and wants with product and brand specific valued consequences. Those consequences can be functional (cleaner teeth, fresher breath) but also psycho social ( important psychological and social benefits – more confidence in social interactions and increased self esteem). In this example therefore, you will show how advertisements for the brand stimulate need recognition and how they connect the brand with important consequences. You will work through each stage of the CDP connecting it with appropriate constructs, theories and models and using examples of marketing activity to illustrate your discussion.
7.    Alternatively the marketing mix provides a possible structure. Product/brand has features which provide valued consequences (links to motivation and means –end chain – psychological theory. The valued consequences might be self esteem (link to personality theory), social recognition/basis for social comparison (sociological theory). Consumers compare the benefits provided by products (evaluation of alternatives – CDP theory). The model they use for comparison is Multi-attribute model – links to attitude (psychological theory). Again you are making links to theory and using examples to illustrate.
8.    The marking scheme itself (Psychological factors, sociological factors, decision making theory) also provides a structure. You might begin for example by identifying the “information processing” component of the psychological factors which means attention, perception, learning and memory. You can connect these factors to stages of decision making and then use examples as illustrations. So, for example, all marketing activity depends upon getting exposure and grabbing the consumer’s focal attention. What examples can you point to in your brand’s advertising to show how it grabs focal attention?  How does the brand promote positive consumer learning? What techniques are used to help consumers encode, store and retrieve the information?
9.    Remember throughout what you are trying to achieve in this assignment task. Marketers must sell their brand to consumers. Consumers respond to marketing activities the way they do because of the way in which their own psychological “make-up”  (their attitudes, experiences, memories, personality)  interacts with the social world (culture, friendship, influence groups, values) in which they live. Consumers buy products and brands not only to satisfy functional needs but also because the marketer has connected the brand with more important psychological and social consequences that consumers value. This is the process that you are trying to explain.
10.    Whatever structural approach you choose it is a good idea to begin with a mind map whereby you can plot how various factors connect with each other, how and where you will integrate your theories and models and which examples you will use to illustrate your discussion.
11.    A good place to start this process is with a collection of artefacts related to your brand (the product itself, its packaging, various examples of advertising from different sources, links to new media marketing activities, brochures, point-of-purchase material.
12.    When you have done this work out which part of the story can be told using each of your artefacts.
13.    Before you attempt your answer it is a good idea to plan out your story and assemble the collection of brand artefacts that you will use. Here is a story. Your eye is caught by an advertisement for a skin care product in Marie Claire magazine. What was it that caught your attention? Was it the celebrity? You read the advertisement. What do you learn? What does the advertisement do to promote positive learning/development of a positive brand attitude? Is there a feature of the advertisement that is memorable? What is it? Why does this feature help you to encode, store and retrieve? Is the story more meaningful because the brand spokesman is a celebrity? The celebrity promises certain benefits if you use the product. What are those benefits? Why are those benefits important to you? These benefits provide your motivation to purchase the product. Some of the benefits are functional (smoother skin) but some are much more complex (smoother skin makes you look younger. If you look younger you will feel younger and you might feel better about yourself in other ways). This enhances your confidence and increases your self esteem. How are these things reflected in the advertisement and what model (means-end-chain analysis) can you use to illustrate this? You buy the product and use it. Your skin does feel smoother, firmer and your friend tells you how nice it looks. Your behaviour has been “reinforced”. It is more likely to happen in future. Which model explains this? The story continues……….
14.    Your finished assignment will have the following characteristics:
– it will be very visual because you will have included scans/copies/web-links of/to your brand artefacts
– the images will have explanatory value (my lecture slides show many examples of how to do this and you can also refer to the Nivea example)
– you will include theoretical models where possible applied to your chosen brand (so where you discuss attitude and Fishbein you will have a worked example of a Fishbein calculation; where you talk about means-end-chain you will create and illustrate one for your brand)
– you will make extensive use of quotations from literature which serve to illustrate both the extent of your reading and of your understanding
– there will be a clearly defined structure, though the choice of structure is up to you, with frequent headings and sub-headings to act as signposts throughout your work
– there will be no references to web resources such as “tutor2u” or “quickmba”
– the images and illustrations will be provided in the body of the text NOT in appendices
– your work will be accurately referenced throughout using the Harvard Referencing system.

…End of instructions…
How assignment will be marked:
Assessment criteria    Weight    Indicative content    Learning outcomes
1.    Knowledge and understanding of psychological drivers, application of models and use of examples. Use of learning resources, structure and clarity of expression    50%    Attention and perception
Drive and motivation
Consumer learning and memory
Personality and self-concept
Attitude formation and change    1,3,4 (module specific)
2.    Knowledge and understanding of sociological drivers, application of models and use of examples.  Use of learning resources, structure and clarity of expression    30%    Peers and reference groups
Class and culture
Social comparison and categorization    1,3,4 (module specific) plus GLO
3.    Knowledge and understanding of the decision making process, application of models and use of examples. Use of learning resources, structure and clarity of expression    20%    Decision making models. Types of decision making (CDP/heuristics)
Satisfaction/dissonance    2, 4 (module specific) plus GLO


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