Nutrition

Mark, a single father of a 2-year-old son, Jacob, stops every morning at a local fast food restaurant to pick up breakfast for himself and his son on their way to daycare. Mark says, “I don’t have time to cook in the mornings, and I can’t feed Jacob anything I make at home any cheaper than this. Besides, he really loves these sausage and egg sandwiches, and at least I can get him to eat them!”

Mark has a family history of diabetes, as well as hyperlipidemia, and has the following risk factors for cardiovascular disease: primary hypertension (treated with medication), cigarette smoking, inactive lifestyle, and occasionally eating foods high in sodium. Both of his parents died at young ages due to what Mark calls “heart troubles,” and his brother has high cholesterol. During his physical, Mark learns that his lipid panel is as follows: total cholesterol 245 mg/dl, LDL 180 mg/dl, and HDL 35 mg/dl.

As his nurse, you know that risk factors for cardiovascular disease are fixed or modifiable. Give at least two examples of each.

For modifiable risk factors, what can be done to reduce risk?
What is the significance of Mark’s blood work? What does a normal lipid profile look like?

Sample Solution

Nutrition

Perform a literature research looking for promotion or primary prevention strategies at local or state levels, preferably in Florida about the health care topic previously selected by you. From this article summarize its purpose, the condition of interest, the community or group of interest, providing a concise idea about the strategy, its implementation, and the evaluation. Is this source providing doable ideas for your project?

From your literature review prepare an annotated bibliography of two journal articles, regardless of the type of the study (quantitative, qualitative or mixed). The studies should have a national or global perspective about a preventable condition and one of them at least should be from a government agency. Prepare a summary per article in one paragraph per article.

Sample Solution

Nutrition

Q1 compare and contrast the basic principles of the Mediterranean diet and the dash diet.
Q2 Trans fats increase LDL levels and decrease HDL cholesterol levels, so they should be restricted. Which food are like to contain Trans fats and thus should be avoided?

Sample Solution

Nutrition

Q1 compare and contrast the basic principles of the Mediterranean diet and the dash diet.
Q2 Trans fats increase LDL levels and decrease HDL cholesterol levels, so they should be restricted. Which food are like to contain Trans fats and thus should be avoided?

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Nutrition

Choose one of the main topics from the table and then choose one (1) article for review under that main
topic.
Read the article chosen and answer one (1) of the topic questions listed below.
• What methods can be used to assess nutritional status?
• What methods can be used to identify those at risk for malnutrition?
• What specific health conditions increase the risk of malnutrition?
• What associations exist between nutritional status and health outcomes?
• What type of interventions improve adherence to recommendations on nutritional intake?
Create a 2-3 page summary which supports the topic question. Provide a current research article (less than 5
years). The 2-3 page limit does not include title and reference pages.
Main Topic: Person-centered feeding care.
Article for review:
• Bell, C., Lopez, R., Mahendra, N., Tamai, A., Davis, J., Amella, E., & Masaki, K. (2016). Person-centered
feeding care: A protocol to re-introduce oral feeding for nursing home patients with tube feeding. Journal of
Nutrition & Health Aging, 20(6), 621-627. doi:10.1007/s12603-016-0699-9.
Main Topic: Evaluating nutritional status.
Articles for review:
• Vereecken, C., Covents, M., Maes, L., & Moyson, T. (2013). Formative evaluation of the feedback component
of children’s and adolescents’ nutrition assessment and advice on the web (CANAA-W) among parents of
school children. Public Health Nutrition, 16(1), 15-26.
doi:10.1017/S1368980012003448.
• Vyncke, K, Cruz, Fernandez E., Fajó-Pascual, M., Cuenca-García, M., De Keyzer, W., Gonzalez-Gross. M.,
Moreno, L., Beghin, L., Breidenassel, C., Kersting, M., Albers, U., Diethelm, K., Mouratidou, T., Grammatikaki,
E., Vriedt, T., Marcos, A., Bammann, K., Bornhortst, C., Leclercq, C., Manios, Y….Huybrechts, I. (2013).
Validation of the diet quality index for adolescents by comparison with biomarkers, nutrient and food intakes:
the HELENA study. British Journal of Nutrition, 109(11), 2067-78. doi:10.1017/S000711451200414X.

Sample Solution

Nutrition

Discuss the physiological basis for nutrient requirements from pregnancy through the toddler years.
Discuss the benefits and challenges of breastfeeding.
Discuss the physiological basis for nutrient requirements from childhood through adolescence years.
Discuss the physiological basis for nutrient requirements for the adult individual through the elderly years.

Sample Solution

Nutrition

There is a lot of “information” on what is good for you to eat and what is bad for you to eat. With that there are
sources of information you can trust and sources of information that is less reliable. Pick a nutrition related
topic and find an example of a trusted source vs not reliable source. Explain what you found and where you
found it. For the category you chose as trusted what kind of research is it based on? Use the terms discussed
in your book.

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Nutrition

Claire runs cross country in college, and lately, her times have not improved. She knows she needs adequate
carbohydrates to keep her body fueled. Typically, her food intake consists of cheese sticks and a glass of
orange juice for breakfast; a peanut butter sandwich, apple, bag of pretzels, and sweetened tea for lunch;
spaghetti with marinara sauce, garlic, bread, salad, and a glass of milk for dinner; and orange for her evening
snack. Lately, she is feeling tired and has to wear a sweatshirt in class to keep warm. She is also having
trouble concentrating. What do you think is causing Claire’s problem, and why? What would you recommend?

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Nutrition

When asked about the health effects of GMO foods, the World Health Organization (WHO) states, “…no effects on human health have been shown as a result of the consumption of such foods by the general population in the countries where they have been approved.” Yet in 2009, the American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) stated that, “Several animal studies indicate serious health risks associated with genetically modified (GM) food,” including infertility, immune problems, accelerated aging, faulty insulin regulation, and changes in major organs and the gastrointestinal system.

In this discussion, answer the following questions about this dilemma. Your discussion should include at least 8 sentences.

  1. What type of research should we use to help us determine the truth about GMO foods?
  2. What criteria or credentials should we look for in those making statements about and/or researching GMOs to determine whether we should believe their conclusions?
  3. What are some possible motivations behind statements that either promote or oppose GMOs?

Sample Solution

Nutrition

Most of you have probably wanted to know more about a topic in nutrition. This is your chance to do so. So
choose a topic that is of interest to you but the topic has to relate to nutrition. This is a nutrition class not a
health class. For example, you can discuss heart disease as long as you include nutrition and its effect on the
cardiovascular system. But you can’t do the paper on just heart disease. You can discuss colon cancer as long
as you include nutrition and its effect on getting colon cancer But you can’t do the paper on just colon cancer.
Research the topic (you need at least 3 sources) and follow the format provided below for the Nutrition Paper.
INTRODUCTION – why you chose this topic, what was of interest to you.
PURPOSE – what you specifically wanted to learn about this topic
MAIN BODY – the information you acquired about this topic
CONCLUSION – summary of what you wrote in the main body, not new information

Sample Solution