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The Equal Pay Act

According to the Equal Pay Act, employers are permitted to pay males and females different wages under a limited set of circumstances. What about differences in national origin, however? Are there legitimate reasons that a company can use to pay individuals differently based on their national origin?

Winner Ford of Cherry Hill and Winner Ford evidently thought so. They employed Chinese and non-Chinese emergency and accessory installation (EAI) technicians. The company paid the Chinese EAI technicians as much as $3 per hour less than it paid the non-Chinese technicians. The dealerships are part of Chas. S. Winner Inc. The company is a large automotive dealership based in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. The dealership offers direct sales and leasing of cars and trucks, fleet management services, police responder vehicles, delivery vehicles, and more.

The technicians performed the same work, regardless of national origin. Some of the non-Chinese workers had less experience than the Chinese technicians, and others had no experience. Because of the pay disparity, one of the Chinese EAIs complained. The company responded by reprimanding him for complaining and suggested that he could lose his job if he sought legal advice. The EEOC brought charges against the company in U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey when attempts at conciliation were not successful. The court ordered the company to pay $150,000 in lost wages and damages to the members of the class action lawsuit. The courts also required a consent decree for three years.

Answer the following questions by applying the concepts learned in Chapter 3. Please post the case study in as one MS Word document. Note: See template provided for case study paper. Also, conduct literature reviews on the subject of discussion and use to support your case study answers:

Visit the EEOC website and read about national origin Discrimination, especially noting the “Facts About National Origin Discrimination” under the “More Information” section. Prepare a memo to explain to the owners of Winner Ford why what they did was a problem.
What type of discrimination occurred? What would Winner Ford need to do to defend their actions successfully?
Why do courts require consent decrees? What were the specifics of the consent decree in this case? (Information is available on the EEOC website in their “News” section and in other places online.)
Under what circumstances could Winner Ford justify paying Chinese employees less than non-Chinese employees and not be breaking the law? Would you recommend that they do so? Why or why not?

Sample Solution

"Numerous pioneers in struggle circumstances are 'prisoners' to their internal feelings of trepidation and other negative feelings and neglect to see the open doors in settling them" . Indeed, it is a chance if struggle is managed valuably. Administration is a huge and significant subject, yet brimming with befuddling thoughts and wording, open to broadly various translations. It tends to be distinct additionally shift immensely. Instances of authority can be incredibly different as well. We lead when we oversee worker in work place or any association. We lead when we sort out anything. We surely lead when we oversee extends, or build up another business. We can discover administration in each kind of work place, and in each kind of experience and venture, paying little mind to scale, paying little respect to budgetary or official power. Thus, given the numerous manners by which administration works, it is nothing unexpected that initiative is so hard to characterize and portray. As you will see, administration can, fundamentally ought to be drawn closer from an assortment of stances. An accommodating method to comprehend initiative is by investigating administration thinking, type and hypotheses utilizing in certain circumstances as work place clashes and how he deals with the contention in individuals' association. At the point when an individual figures out how to impact the brains of a few people to act with a specific goal in mind towards the satisfaction of a particular or a general objective, at that point that individual is said to have shown initiative characteristics, and is considered as a pioneer. Numerous Africa nations have some association struggle, as a result of the absence of good administration styles still a significant issues. Along these lines, the instance of Mali is specific in this space, similar to others Africa nation. By and large clashes happen when the connection among pioneer and laborers are bad, or if pioneers and individuals are bad. The pioneer provides a feeling of guidance and of direction through the explanation of a convincing perspective. The years either side of the turn of the century saw the procedure of initiative become all the more a social just as a mental procedure of impact. In actuality, more exertion was placed into deciding the idea of the administration forms that were show in hierarchical settings. Maybe, on account of the huge measures of exertion that have been exhausted on revealing the variables related with powerful initiative in associations, there has once in a while been cynicism about the products of this work due to the a wide range of approaches and oftentimes conflicting discoveries (Miner 1975), in spite of the fact that the field is less instilled with a feeling of antagonism these days. Today we can discover numerous sort of initiative Situational possibility, participative, value-based. Explicitly this examination will investigate two hypothetical methodologies (Transactional and Transformational) applied in two gatherings. The principal bunch incorporates Malians pioneers and the subsequent one incorporates Chinese's pioneers. Strife gives off an impression of being an indispensable segment of human working, it has showed in various configurations for centuries. The term could be characterized by a horde of parameters and factors, and this makes trouble in planning an operational and accurate definition. Robbins (1998) accepts that specific shared factors underlie most definitions, and that conventional definitions ought to take a stab at expansive adaptability. He in like manner builds up the accompanying definition: "A procedure that starts when one gathering sees that another gathering has contrarily influenced, or is going to adversely influences something that the principal party thinks about." (1998, p. 434. Dynamic pioneers realize that contention is a characteristic piece of working in gatherings. They learn and practice viable methodologies for overseeing struggle, including approaches to: Manage their very own feelings, address their very own contentions; address others' contentions, practice emphaticness, help exchange, advance intervention. Strife is a characteristic piece of working in gatherings, in light of the fact that various individuals have various thoughts and perspectives. At some point or another, each pioneer should manage a contention between at least two individuals. What is important is the means by which the pioneer and gathering individuals address the contention. Dynamic pioneers realize that contention as a rule doesn't leave without anyone else. It might appear to vanish, yet then it springs up again in a sudden spot or time. To do this examination the analyst was do this system: We depict the exploration questions, speculations, and research plan pertinent to both administration styles and hierarchical peace promotion in some detail further on. The analyst was utilized both quantitative and subjective strategies to give luxuriously elucidating, yet deductively substantial, records of initiative and authoritative peace making forms. Quantitative viewpoints incorporate estimation of initiative styles dependent on poll review style, in utilizing Conflict Management Questionnaire (The Thomas and Kilmann (1974) Conflict Mode Instrument (MODE) and Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire the MLQ, Form 5X-Short (MLQ 5X) (Bass and Avolio 1995).The subjective methodology indicates the impression of laborers in the many work environment circumstances. At that point the analyst was created through substance investigation of information got from perceptions, polls and distributed markers. The approach that the scientist was utilized in this exploration comprises of five stages. Stage one was dedicated to survey of writing and past investigations that have associations with our exploration. The Phase two was dedicated to trial of speculations significant to the connections among administration styles and association peace promotion. At that point the contentions, the causes, the sorts of contention and the various ways to deal with handle struggle have been created. A normal third stage center around the improvement of research instruments, information assortment, information examination and understanding. Stage fourth, was committed to affirm, build up causality, examine and expand past discoveries. The fifth stage was indicated the suggestions for training and for further inquires about.

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