Whooping Cough

Whooping Cough is a disease that doctors may no longer recognize because it has become so rare. Alarms went off in California in the autumn of 2011 when nine infants died from the disease. There have been outbreaks of other preventable diseases such as a 2013 mumps outbreak in Monmouth County New Jersey, and a 2015 measles outbreak at Disneyland in California. In 200 to 400 words, please discuss a recent outbreak. Include at last two scholarly references (using APA formatting and style) to guide your discussion.

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Drinking bottled water

At a restaurant have you ever been asked whether you want tap or bottle water? At home do you drink water from a bottle or from the sink? Our everyday food choices can even apply to the type of water we drink.

What are the pros and cons of drinking bottled water? What are the environmental, financial, and health impacts of drinking bottled water versus tap water?

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The challenges that ACO’s have

Historically and for the most part, ACOs have been effective in reducing health care spending without negatively affecting the quality of patient care.

Research and discuss some of the challenges that ACO’s have and will experience in the future due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Here is a good article to get you started: How Accountable Care Organizations Can Survive the Next Healthcare Crisis

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Major Depressive Disorder

Option 1:

Although psychological disorders are universal, there are cultural, ethnic, and socioeconomic influences related to diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. Using research from academic journal articles, what ethnic, cultural, and/or socioeconomic factors may prevent individuals from minority and immigrant groups from seeking and receiving accurate treatment and diagnosis for mental disorders? Based upon your research, how may these disparities be addressed? Are there differences in what is considered “abnormal” behavior dependent upon cultural factors?

Option 2:

Review the different perspectives on causal factors under each of the five main current paradigms in psychopathology as presented in Chapter 2: Genetic, Neuroscience, Cognitive-Behavioral, Sociocultural, and Diathesis-Stress Model.

Choose ONE of the disorders listed below. Then, choose TWO of the paradigms listed above to compare and contrast how an individual may develop the disorder. Explain which research-based etiology you find to be the most convincing in identifying the likely elements of causation and why.

Major Depressive Disorder
Schizophrenia
Substance Use Related Disorders
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Anti-Social Personality Disorder (ASPD)

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Health care organization

Perform an internet search to identify and research a situation where a health care organization or individual provider in your field of allied health was sanctioned by the accrediting body (e.g., The Joint Commission) and another regulatory body for violating one or more of the accrediting body’s workplace safety, risk management, and/or quality care requirements.

Taking on the role of chief safety or risk management officer in the organization or provider’s office who now must deliver an account of the chosen incident to the board of directors, develop a slide presentation containing a title slide, 12-15 slides of content, and a reference slide.

Your presentation must incorporate the following:

A brief summary of the incident, including a description as well as the outcome.
A summary of the applicable MIPPA approved accrediting body, other regulatory standards (e.g., local, state), or licensing/certification standards that apply to the incident.
A discussion of the mistakes and/or oversights made by the health care organization or individual provider that did or may have led to the incident that occurred, and an account of the preventive steps that could have or should have been taken to avoid them.
A proposal outlining specific education or training the organization or provider will employ to ensure this type of incident does not occur in the future. Include concepts related to continuous quality improvement in your recommendations.
An inclusion of a CQI tool to be used to implement the training or education program being proposed.

Sample Solution

COVID-related deaths

In this project, you will be using real COVID data to explore the relationship between rates of vaccination and rates of death for a variety of states in the USA. After you gather some data, you will create models(graph, equations) and then use calculus to assess the accuracy of your models.

  1. Go to Mayo Clinic Vaccination Tracker.

Just above the map of the United States, select “fully vaccinated.” Then hover your mouse over a state to reveal the percent of that state who are fully vaccinated.

Select 5 states and complete the first two columns of the table below:

State in USA

% fully vaccinated

Total number of

COVID-related deaths

  1. Now go to COVID Data Tracker

Use the tool to find the total number of deaths for each of the states you selected in #1. Use the most recent date that is available to complete the third column in the table from #1.

  1. Using your complete table, create a Scatter Diagram of the data. In other words, plot your (x,y) data pairs in the Cartesian Plane (x/y coordinate axis system).

• Be sure to scale each axis consistently.• Be sure to label what each axis is measuring, in words.

  1. Write the equation of a linear function that “fits” the data in your Scatter Diagram as closely as possible.

• In other words, choose two (x,y) data pairs so that a line passing through those two pairs comes as close to the overall data set as possible. • Write the equation of a line passing through the two (x,y) data pairs you chose. Be sure to show all your work. • Do not just get the equation from software. Find the equation “by hand.”• There is a video posted in the Project #1 Module in Canvas if you need help with this.

  1. Next, write the equation of a quadratic function that “fits” the data as closely as possible.

• You will again choose two (x,y) data pairs, or three pairs if you do not have a vertex. You do not need to use the same pairs you used in #4. Choose pairs that you think will make the equation fit the data, keeping in mind this may be very imperfect, depending on the shape of the data. • Show your work in detail. Do not just use software to get the equation.• If you need help with this, check out the video in our Canvas Project #1 Module.

  1. Now write the equation of an exponential function that “fits” the data as closely as possible.

• You will again choose two (x,y) data pairs. You do not need to use the same pairs you used in #4 and #5. Choose pairs that you think will make the equation fit the data, keeping in mind this may be very imperfect, depending on the shape of the data. • Show your work in detail. Do not just use software to get the equation.• If you need help with this, check out the video in our Canvas Project #1 Module.

  1. Now you are going to test each model (function).

A. Evaluate your linear function at the x-value forone of the states in your table. Compare the y-value of your function to the y-value in the table. How accurate was your function? B. Find the derivative of your linear function at the x-value for the same state you chose in part A. C. By going back to COVID Data Tracker, find the actual rate of change in deaths for the two most recent dates available for the state you’ve chosen. Compare this to the value of the derivative from part B. How accurate was your derivative function?D. Repeat parts A, B & C for your quadratic function.E. Repeat parts A, B & C for your exponential function.

  1. Based on your work in #7, which of your three models is the most accurate model and why?
  2. Using your model that is most accurate, evaluate the limit of the derivative of your function as “x” approaches 100 % fully vaccinated. Does the value of that limit seem accurate to you? Explain why or why not.
  3. No mathematical model is perfectly accurate. As conditions change, models need to change. Discuss at least 3 conditions that might affect the accuracy of your models? In other words, what are at least 3 factors that might change how many total deaths there are from COVID?

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Afro-Eurasia

  1. Afro-Eurasia. Discuss how Africa and Eurasia developed in the 1300s and 1400s. Discuss three countries or regions where you see important changes.Why do historians say this was a time of collapse and revival? (Chapter 14)
  2. Societies of the Americas. Discuss what you find notable about North and South America in the years leading up to the time when they came in contact with Europeans. Compare two or three societies that you see in Chapter 15.
  3. The Atlantic World. Discuss developments in Africa, Europe, and the Americas as these three areas came into regular contact in the 1400s-1600s. Give examples to show how each of these three “worlds” was changed. What lessons can we learn from this era? (Chapters 16-17)
  4. Western Africa. What do you find remarkable about the societies of West Africa and West Central Africa? Discuss three specific things you learned in Chapter 17. How have you gained a better understanding of African societies in the era of the slave trade?

Part II. Reflections. Write three or more paragraphs on how you see societies changing in Chapters 14-17. Please mention at least one document or artifact in Sources for World in the Making. In addition, you may also use material from the the “Reading the Past” or “Seeing the Past” special sections in our main text. Put the titles of the documents or artifacts you use in bold.

Address these questions in your reflective essay:
• What broad changes do you see as most significant or interesting?
• What do we learn from specific documents or artifacts from the societies?
• How do you think think these people saw their own lives?
• How can the history we study encrich our undertanding of the world or our shared humanity?

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